Indian Coconut chutney


 

INDIAN COCONUT CHUTNEY

FOR IDLI, Dosa, and vada
A very tasty and easy Indian coconut chutney recipe which includes fresh coconut, channa dhal and other ingredients. It is one of the best combinations for idli, dosa, and vada. It is one of the south Indian recipes which is made daily in most of the houses and hotels.

It is also best served with Mysore Bonda and aloo pakoda and kara paniyarams

guidelines FOR MAKING most excellent TASTING COCONUT CHUTNEY
Use coconuts which are fresh for making chutneys. It will be more tasty and healthy
To get a creamy texture add roasted peanuts or roasted gram dhal. This makes the chutney thicker or else the chutney might turn watery.
You can also add a tablespoon of fresh milk to get a better taste and rich white colour. You can add milk according to your taste and preference
When you grind the chutney do not over process the because this leads to the separation of oil from coconut
Coconut chutney tastes good when it is made and served fresh. Do not keep the leftover chutney for a long time outside. If you want you can put it in the fridge so that we can prevent from decay.

Recipe for coconut chutney

INGREDIENTS
Fresh coconut – 200gms
Ginger- 20 gms
Roasted peanuts -20gms
Green chilies – 2 nos
Skimmed milk – 150 ml
Salt to taste
Red chillie 3 0r 4 nos
Channa dhal 1 tblsp
Mustard seeds – 1 tsp
Curry leaves for seasoning
Preparation time 7 minutes
Cooking time 2 minutes
Serves 10 members

Please follow this method while preparing chutney
The coconuts should be washed and cut into small pieces.
In the mixer grinder add chopped coconut green chili, ginger, roasted peanuts, and salt.
Make into a smooth paste by adding milk little by little..
For seasoning, take a small kadai and heat up by adding two tablespoons of oil.
Add mustard seeds, red chilly and channa dhal. Rast till it becomes golden brown and then pour it into the ground chutney. This is one of the tastiest chutney that i have ever made.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QS7WTD67Sww

Indian Turmeric is most effcetive in easing injuries says study

 

 

A new study conducted by researchers at the Milan-based pharmaceutical company Velleja Research has suggested that turmeric is more effective than popular painkillers at easing the agony of sports injuries. The findings were published in the European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences journal.

The study found that after less than three weeks, taking a key component of the Indian staple spice, known as curcumin, eases injured rugby players` discomfort just as much paracetamol or ibuprofen, but without their side effects.

Say the researchers, The study suggests that naturally-derived, curcumin-based product could represent a promising safe, analgesic remedy in painful osteo-muscular conditions associated with intense, high impact, physical activities. We believe that curcumin may also benefit sufferers of inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis patients, without causing the complications associated with many existing treatments.

The researchers analysed 50 rugby players from the Italian premier Piacenza club south of Milan who was suffering bone or muscle problems as a result of incidents, such as repeated tackling. Half of the study`s participants were given the one gram curcumin-extract tablet Algocur, which is known as Turmeric+ in the UK, twice a day for up to 10 days. The remainder took painkillers.

Business in chennai takes worst hit after GST!

Business in chennai takes worst hit after GST!

After demonetization and introduction of GST, the wholesale businesses are largely hit.We could see some Sucide happening in and around the city due bad Business enivronment.This includes those who deal with plywood, hardware, construction materials, household products, etc. the All India Manufacturers Association took an initiative where inputs from various micro companies based in Chennai were compiled altogether. It expressed that the Chennai market suffers out of tax revision and charges revision made from time to time by the State and the Centre.

The National President of All India Manufacturers Organization, K E Raghunathan says they are hoping for an amendment in this year budget (2018). Though the government has seen success with GST, the benefits are not transferred to the individuals still. It has also badly hit the industries very badly. The industries are currently in a stressful state and they are being treated meagre than they should actually be. Due to the tough measures, employment is also hit.

Due to IT and tax filings, the law is getting stricter and the overall market in Chennai is also badly hit. Tax payments and bills are the prime focus for most Chennai-based companies these days. So, the cash flow is verily affected in the first week month on month.

Of course, the realty sector is in the red! Ban on sand, too high tax and negligence shown towards salaried class without any measure for tax exemption are some of the factors that has brought down flat buyers in Chennai, says CREDAI sources.

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How To list a MSME in Indian Stock Exchange

How To list a MSME in Indian Stock Exchange

With the advent of planned economy in 1951, special role was earmarked for SMEs, which was given a fillip by the subsequent progressive industrial policies. The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 provided for facilitating the promotion and development and enhancing the competitiveness of MSMEs (commonly referred to as SMEs) and for the related matters. A big leap for SMEs was witnessed in 2010, with “The Prime Minister’s Task Force” recommending setting up of dedicated stock exchange/ platform for SMEs. SEBI, through its circular dated May 18, 2010, laid down framework for setting up a stock exchange/ trading platform dedicated to SMEs.
SME Exchange
An SME Exchange is a stock exchange dedicated for trading the shares / securities of SMEs who otherwise find it difficult to get listed on the Main Board. The concept originated from the difficulties faced by SMEs in gaining visibility and attracting sufficient trading volumes when listed along with
other stocks on the Main Board of stock exchanges. World over, dedicated SME trading platforms or exchanges are prevalent, which are known by different names such as ‘Alternate Investment markets’ or ‘growth enterprises market’, ‘SME Board’ etc. Some of the known
markets for SMEs are AIM (Alternate Investment Market) in UK, TSX Ventures in Canada, GEM (Growth Enterprise Market) in Hong Kong, MOTHERS (Market of the high-growth and emerging stocks) in Japan, Catalist in Singapore and the latest initiative in China – Chinext. As a matter of fact, NASDAQ also started as an SME exchange.
In India, “SME Exchange” is defined in Chapter XB of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue Of Capital And Disclosure Requirements) Regulations as a trading platform of a recognized stock exchange or a dedicated exchange permitted by SEBI to list the securities issued in accordance with Chapter XA of SEBI (ICDR) Regulations and this excludes the Main Board (which is in turn is defined as a recognized stock exchange having nationwide trading terminals, other than SME exchange).
To be listed on the SME Exchange, the post-issue paid up capital of the company should not exceed INR 25 Crore. This means that the SME Exchange is not limited to the Small and Medium Scale enterprises which are defined under “The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006” as enterprises where the investment in plant and machinery does not exceed INR 10 Crore. As of now, to get listed on the Main Board of National Stock Exchange (NSE), the minimum paid up capital required is INR 10 Crore and that of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is INR 3 Crore. Hence, those companies with paid up capital between INR 10 Crore to INR 25 Crore has the option of migrating from SME Exchange to the Main Board or vice versa. The companies listed on the SME exchange are allowed to migrate to the Main Board as and when they meet the listing requirements of the Main Board and there shall be compulsory migration of SMEs from the SME exchange, in case their post issue paid up capital exceeds INR 25 Crore. click here to register your business 
BSE, as an Exchange, is the first-one to seize the initiative followed by NSE, both of them have come up with their SME Exchanges to leverage their respective trading platforms developed over the period.
1) Desired issue size :
 < 50 Lacks >= 50 Lacks
2) Post issue face value capital :
 < 1 Crore Between Rs 1 Crore to Rs 25 Crore > Rs 25 Crore
3) Net Tangible assets :
 < 1 Crore >= 1 Crore
4) Track record of distributable profits for at least 2 years out of preceding 3 completed financial years :
 Yes No
5) Existing Networth (excluding revaluation reserves) :
 < 1 Crore Between Rs 1 Crore to Rs 3 Crore > = Rs 3 Cr
6) Track record of at least 3 years for the Company :
 Yes No
7) Positive cash accruals (EBDT) from operations for at least 2 preceding financial years :
 Yes No
8) Positive net worth for at least 2 preceding financial years : click here to register your business 
 Yes No
Need for SME Exchange
Despite the benefits associated with public listing, the SMEs were not able to access the capital markets through extant Stock Exchanges due to several factors such as stringent regulatory, disclosure and financial requirements and the like. The creation of a separate stock exchange for SMEs has been on the policy makers’ agenda for quite some time, and finally in March, 2012, SME Exchange was launched. A dedicated stock exchange for SMEs would allow them accessing capital markets easily, quickly and at lesser costs.
The need of a dedicated SME Exchange can be attributed to several factors including the following  click here to register your business
A dedicated SME exchange will provide SMEs with equity financing opportunities to grow their business – from expansion to acquisitions Listing the company would facilitate expansion of the investors base, which in turn help company get secondary market for equity financing, including private placement. With the availability of equity financing options, the debt burden can be set lower resulting in a healthier balance sheet and lowered financing cost Company’s visibility will improve with the coverage from analysts and media that can add to the credence and image of the SME leading to benchmarking its fair value The listing would result in an increased participation by venture capital players as they would have a ready, transparent and tax-efficient exit route.Listing would add value to the companies who wish to make use of ESOPs and other stock base compensation plans as a tool to reward and retain their employees. It is expected to encourage innovation and entrepreneurial spirit, much required from the perspective of Indian national economy.Capital Market allows distribution of risk efficiently by transferring risk to those who are best able to bear it. SME sector will grow better on two pillars of Financial system, i.e., Banking for debt capital and Capital Market for equity capital.
Benefits of SME Listing
SEBI Norms for Listing
In order to lay down the policy for issue, listing and trading of securities to be issued by SMEs, necessary amendments have been made in the SEBI ICDR Regulations and consequent amendments have been made into various other regulations viz. :
SEBI (Merchant Bankers) Regulations 1992 SEBI (Foreign Institutional Investors) Regulations, 1995 SEBI (Venture Capital Funds) Regulations, 1996 SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations and SEBI (Stock Brokers and Sub-Brokers) Regulations, 1992
SEBI has, from time to time, issued the circulars and guidelines for setting up of the exchange for SMEs. SEBI vide “ICDR Third Amendment Regulations” 2010 dated 13th April, 2010, inserted a new Chapter XB under the head “Issue of Specified Securities by Small and Medium Enterprises”. A further circular was also issued on 18th May, 2010 after taking into account the suggestions from market participants for the SME platform. The necessary provisions for listing of specified securities under the SME Platform vide the above regulations and circulars are enumerated in brief:
The post issue face value capital should not exceed INR Twenty Five Crores (INR 25 Crore).The minimum application and trading lot size shall not be less than INR 1,00,000/- The existing members of stock exchanges (stock brokers) would be eligible to participate in SME Platform.The issues shall be 100% underwritten and merchant bankers shall underwrite 15% in their own account.
Besides, SEBI has compulsorily mandated market making for all scrips listed and traded on SME Platform. The obligations of market making are as follows:
The merchant bankers to the issue will undertake market making through a stock broker who is registered as market maker with the SME Platform.The merchant bankers shall be responsible for market making for a minimum period of 3 years.The market makers are required to provide two way quotes for 75% of the time in a day. The same shall be monitored by the exchange. There will not be more than 5 market makers for a scrip. Market makers will compete with other market makers for better price discovery. The exchange shall prescribe the minimum spread between the bid and ask price. During the compulsory market making period, the promoter holding shall not be eligible for the offering to market makers. Market Maker shall be allowed to de-register by giving one month notice to the exchange. Trading system may be either order driven or quote driven.
The application and trading lot size is being kept at INR 1,00,000/- so as to curtail the exposure of retail investors. It has also been stated that the minimum depth shall be of one lakh rupees and at any point of time it cannot go below that amount. The investors holding with value less than INR 1,00,000/- shall be allowed to offer their holding to the market maker in one lot. However, in functionality the market lot will be subject to revival after a stipulated time.
Further, the provisions of SEBI ICDR Regulations apply to SME IPO as well, unless any particular provision is specifically exempted.
Key Benefits
 Funding Convenience
• Access to capital and financing opportunities :
Going public provides SMEs with equity financing opportunities to grow their business from operations to expansion to inorganic acquisitions. Access to equity financing lowers the debt burden leading to lower financing costs and healthier balance sheets. The continuing requirement for adhering to stock market rules for the issuers lowers the ongoing information and monitoring costs for the banks.
• M&A currency :
Listed shares act as a currency, esp. for inorganic business acquisition transactions. Listed shares can be utilized as an acquisition currency, as an alternative to cash consideration, to acquire existing businesses / assets. Using shares as a currency can be a tax efficient and cost effective vehicle to finance an acquisition transaction.
• Premium Valuation :
Valuation of a company is determined by various factors, one of which is class of company – listed or closely-held. The value discounting by investors of an unlisted entity can be avoided, if the shares are listed on a nation-wide exchange platform including SME Exchange.
• Efficient Risk Distribution for Investors :
It is expected that the development of capital markets helps distribute risk efficiently by transfer of risk to those best able to bear it. Capital is a precious resource. When one can afford, he can invest it; when one needs it back, he can exit. This in-built mechanism of risk-transfer, in turn, lends to sustainability to market forces. Thus capital markets for SMEs are also expected to ensure that capital flows to its best uses and even the riskier activities with higher payoffs could be funded.
• Entry & Exit Platforms for PE / Other Investors :
The presence of a market-driven transparent trading platform provides with a ready and easy entry and exit for strategic investors. Listing not only offers the investors flexibility for entry and exit, but also the confidence required for any such transaction.
 Tax Benefits
Income- tax Act offers immense benefits to companies if their shares are listed on recognized stock exchanges including SME Exchange. Tax benefits, often, turns out to be one of prominent factors for listing :
• No Long-term Capital Gains Tax
Transfer of unlisted shares attracts long term capital gains tax of 20% and short term capital gains of up to 30% (depending upon an assessee’s income slab and applicable tax rate). Whereas in case of listed shares, tax on long term capital gains is nil and short term capital gains is 15%, provided the transaction has been subjected to securities transaction tax (STT). This preferential tax treatment on transfer of listed shares is also available to shares listed on SME Exchange. Listing on SME Exchange is a valid tax-planning tool and could, thus, lead to enormous tax saving for SME entrepreneurs / investors.
 • No tax on fresh equity infusion in the company
Recently the Finance Act, 2012 imposed a tax liability on fresh issuance of equity shares by an unlisted company to investors other than “Registered Venture Fund”, if the issuance is made at a value more than the fair value. This could make SMEs subject to heavy tax outgo, since they often go for fund raising through equity issuance to investors. Such a tax liability, however, does not attract if the shares of the company are listed on recognize stock exchanges, including SME Exchange.
• No tax on distressed business purchase
Income-tax Act levies a tax inter alia on the buyer of shares of an unlisted company, if the transaction is conducted at a value less than its book value. Hence acquisition of distressed assets could attract heavy tax. Such a tax liability, however, does not attract if the shares of the company are listed on recognize stock exchanges, including SME Exchange.
• Efficient Risk Distribution for Investors :
It is expected that the development of capital markets helps distribute risk efficiently by transfer of risk to those best able to bear it. Capital is a precious resource. When one can afford, he can invest it; when one needs it back, he can exit. This in-built mechanism of risk-transfer, in turn, lends to sustainability to market forces. Thus capital markets for SMEs are also expected to ensure that capital flows to its best uses and even the riskier activities with higher payoffs could be funded.
• Entry & Exit Platforms for PE / Other Investors :
The presence of a market-driven transparent trading platform provides with a ready and easy entry and exit for strategic investors. Listing not only offers the investors flexibility for entry and exit, but also the confidence required for any such transaction.
 Other Benefits
• Visibility – Profile Building
Going for a public issue is most likely to enhance the company’s visibility. Greater public awareness gained through media coverage, and research coverage by sector investment analysts provide the SMEs with greater visibility and help brand building which otherwise may remain a dream especially for SMEs.
• Unlocking / Benchmarking Value
The fair value of an unlisted company may not be benchmarked appropriately, in absence of a market-driven mechanism. The companies listed on a stock exchange are traded and the market forces are expected to establish their fair value or near-fair value. This leads to unlocking or benchmarking of fair value of the SME businesses.
• Incentive Mechanism for Employees
The employees of an SME can participate in the ownership and benefit from being a shareholder. This can serve to ensure stronger employee commitment to the company’s performance and success. ESOPs and any other share-based compensation plan of listed company have an immediate and tangible value to employees. This, in turn, serves as a talent retention tool.
• Benefit for Companies in Supply Chain
The companies in supply chain in the forward or backward integration may take strategic stake as part of growth & expansion. Also, companies in the same business line planning to expand the operations may take a stake in listed SMEs.
• Governance – Internal Systems
Though the requirements for a company listed on SME Exchange are not as stringent as that for Main Board listed companies, nevertheless SME listing ensures that the company has drawn up the internal control systems and set up minimum required framework of corporate governance. This, in turn, lends sustainability to the business.

Eligibility Criteria
click here to register your directory

Besides, SEBI norms, the stock exchanges have also prescribed eligibility criteria for listing on their respective SME Exchange:
Eligibility Criteria for BSE SME
BSE SME Exchange stipulates the following eligibility criteria for an applicant desired of getting listed on BSE SME Exchange :
Net Tangible assets of at least INR 1 crore as per the latest audited financial results. Net-worth (excluding revaluation reserves) of at least INR 1 crore as per the latest audited financial results. Track record of distributable profits (excluding extra-ordinary income) in terms of section 205 of Companies Act, 1956 for at least two years out of immediately preceding three financial years, with each financial year being a period of at least 12 months. Otherwise, the net-worth shall be at least INR 3 Crore. Other Requirements
• The post-issue paid up capital of the company shall be at least INR 1 crore.
• The company shall mandatorily facilitate trading in DEMAT securities and enter into an agreement with both the depositories.
• The company shall mandatorily have a website.
• Certificate from the applicant company / promoting companies stating the following : – The Company has not been referred to the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR), although the Companies which are out of BIFR are allowed. – There is no winding up petition against the company that has been accepted by a court.
In addition to the above requirements, a visit to the company’s site will be undertaken by the Exchange before granting of approval to use the name of the exchange in the offer document. It shall also be desirable for the Company to file a compliance certificate by a Practicing Company Secretary as per the guidance note issued by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India as an additional eligibility criteria issued by BSE through its circular dated 26-11-2012. Promoters will mandatorily be required to attend an interview with the Listing Advisory Committee. Migration from BSE SME Exchange to the main Board of BSE:
Eligibility Criteria for NSE Emerge
NSE Emerge stipulates the following eligibility criteria for an applicant desired of getting listed on NSE Emerge platform :
The post issue paid up capital of the company (face value) shall not be more than INR 25 crore.. The company should have track record of at least 3 years. The company should have positive cash accruals (earnings before depreciation and tax) from operations for at least 2 financial years preceding the application and its net-worth should be positive.The applicant Company has not been referred to Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR). No petition for winding up is admitted by a Court of competent jurisdiction against the applicant Company. No material regulatory or disciplinary action by a stock exchange or regulatory authority in the past three years against the applicant company. The following matters should be disclosed in the offer document:
• Any material regulatory or disciplinary action by a stock exchange or regulatory authority in the past one year in respect of promoters/promoting company(ies), group companies, companies promoted by the promoters/promoting company(ies) of the applicant company.
• Defaults in respect of payment of interest and/or principal to the debenture/bond/fixed deposit holders, banks, FIs by the applicant, promoters/promoting company(ies), group companies, companies promoted by the promoters/promoting company(ies) during the past three years. An auditor’s certificate shall also be provided by the issuer to the exchange, in this regard.
• The applicant, promoters/promoting company(ies), group companies, companies promoted by the promoters/promoting company(ies) litigation record, the nature of litigation and status of litigation.
• In respect of the track record of the directors, the status of criminal cases filed or nature of the investigation being undertaken with regard to alleged commission of any offence by any of its directors and its effect on the business of the company, where all or any of the directors of issuer have or has been charge-sheeted with serious crimes like murder, rape, forgery, economic offences etc.
Parameters Main Board SME Exchange
Post – issue paid up capital (Face value) Not less than INR 10 crore Any amount less than INR 25 crores
Minimum number of allotees 1000 50
IPO Application Size INR 10,000 – INR 15,000 Minimum of INR  1,00,000
Observation on DRHP By SEBI By Exchange
IPO Grading Mandatory Non Mandatory
Track record Three years of track record of profitability Relaxed norms of Track record
IPO Underwriting Mandatory (however, not required where 50% of the issue offered for subscription to QIB’s) Mandatory (100% underwritten, out of which 15% compulsorily by Merchant Banker)
Time Frame for Listing 6-8 months 2-3 months
Reporting Requirements Quarterly Half Yearly
Global Comparison of SME Exchanges
Country UK Japan Singapore China
SME Exchange AIM MOTHERS CataList Chinext
Date of Induction 1995 1999 2007 2009
No. of Companies 2494 178 134 356
Market Capitalization GBP 60622 million N/A N/A RMB 2.7 trillion(Dec 2011)
Average Monthly Turnover GBP 3410.7 million 2000 million Yen N/A 16,830 million Yuan
Relative Main Board London Stock Exchange NIKKEI SGX Shanghai Stock Exchange

Leading MSME Directory in India

Leading MSME Directory in India

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of a nation’s economy. Like any other major economy, India too enjoys its fair share of SMEs which constitute bulk of the industrial base, also contributing significantly to the exports and
.
SME segment has been a key engine of growth, employment, wealth distribution and effective mobilization of resources (both capital and skills) in India. Statistically, SME segment contributes to 45% of the manufactured output, 40% of exports, and is among the largest generator of employment in the Indian economy. Today, Indian SMEs operate in sectors ranging from traditional to the most modern industries competing with the bests-of-the-world. SMEs in new economy sectors like IT, ITES, retailing, education, entertainment, media and the like represent the new and modern face of India. SMEs take a prominent role in social sectors as well and are known for bringing innovative business models.
With the advent of planned economy in 1951, special role was earmarked for SMEs, which was given a fillip by the subsequent progressive industrial policies. The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 provided for facilitating the promotion and development and enhancing the competitiveness of MSMEs (commonly referred to as SMEs) and for the related matters. A big leap for SMEs was witnessed in 2010, with “The Prime Minister’s Task Force” recommending setting up of dedicated stock exchange/ platform for SMEs. SEBI, through its circular dated May 18, 2010, laid down framework for setting up a stock exchange/ trading platform dedicated to SMEs.
SME Exchange
An SME Exchange is a stock exchange dedicated for trading the shares / securities of SMEs who otherwise find it difficult to get listed on the Main Board. The concept originated from the difficulties faced by SMEs in gaining visibility and attracting sufficient trading volumes when listed along with other stocks on the Main Board of stock exchanges. World over, dedicated SME trading platforms or exchanges are prevalent, which are known by different names such as ‘Alternate Investment markets’ or ‘growth enterprises market’, ‘SME Board’ etc. Some of the known markets for SMEs are AIM (Alternate Investment Market) in UK, TSX Ventures in Canada, GEM (Growth Enterprise Market) in Hong Kong, MOTHERS (Market of the high-growth and emerging stocks) in Japan, Catalist in Singapore and the latest initiative in China – Chinext. As a matter of fact, NASDAQ also started as an SME exchange.
In India, “SME Exchange” is defined in Chapter XB of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue Of Capital And Disclosure Requirements) Regulations as a trading platform of a recognized stock exchange or a dedicated exchange permitted by SEBI to list the securities issued in accordance with Chapter XA of SEBI (ICDR) Regulations and this excludes the Main Board (which is in turn is defined as a recognized stock exchange having nationwide trading terminals, other than SME exchange).
To be listed on the SME Exchange, the post-issue paid up capital of the company should not exceed INR 25 Crore. This means that the SME Exchange is not limited to the Small and Medium Scale enterprises which are defined under “The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006” as enterprises where the investment in plant and machinery does not exceed INR 10 Crore. As of now, to get listed on the Main Board of National Stock Exchange (NSE), the minimum paid up capital required is INR 10 Crore and that of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is INR 3 Crore. Hence, those companies with paid up capital between INR 10 Crore to INR 25 Crore has the option of migrating from SME Exchange to the Main Board or vice versa. The companies listed on the SME exchange are allowed to migrate to the Main Board as and when they meet the listing requirements of the Main Board and there shall be compulsory migration of SMEs from the SME exchange, in case their post issue paid up capital exceeds INR 25 Crore.
BSE, as an Exchange, is the first-one to seize the initiative followed by NSE, both of them have come up with their SME Exchanges to leverage their respective trading platforms developed over the period.

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உங்கள் தொழில் டிஜிட்டல் மார்கெட்டிங்கினாள் மேன்படவேண்டும்மா? டிஜிட்டல் மார்க்கெட்டிங் வேலைவாய்ப்பை பெறுவது எப்படி?டிஜிட்டல் மார்க்கெட்டிங் தமிழில் வகுப்புகள் நடை பெற்றுக்கொண்டிக்கிறது டிஜிட்டல் மார்கெய்ட்ங் சம்பந்தமான அணைத்து வீணாக்கனுக்கும் விடை

What happens in an internet second: 54,907 Google searches, 7,252 tweets, 125,406 YouTube video views and 2,501,018 emails sent

About 46.1% of the world is online, which is about 3.4 billion peopleEvery second 729 photos to Instagram and 2,177 calls made via Skype
20,000 people on Facebook and five more open an account in one secondIn 1998, Google was only serving 10,000 search queries each day.
The internet is a hectic place and at any given moment millions of people are searching, tweeting and emailing all at once.
Internet Live Stats created a live map that shows exactly how much activity is happening around the globe –down to the second.
Every second more than 54,000 Google searchers are conducted, 7,000 some Tweets are shared and more than 2 million emails are sent -67 percent of which are deemed spam.
 
Internet Live Stats has created a live map that shows exactly how much activity is happening throughout the globe ¿down to the second. Every second more than 54,000 Google searchers are conducted, 7,000 some Tweets are shared and more than 2 million emails are sent –67 percent of them are deemed spam +6
Internet Live Stats has created a live map that shows exactly how much activity is happening throughout the globe –down to the second. Every second more than 54,000 Google searchers are conducted, 7,000 some Tweets are shared and more than 2 million emails are sent –67 percent of them are deemed spam
And at any given second there are 20,00 people on Facebook and during this time five more people open an account.
On Reddit, Alexa revealed that every second 286 votes are cast and 23 comments posted.
Google will received more than 3 billion searches, which averages to the 54,000 queries a second – that is over 90 billion each month and about 1.2 trillion a year worldwide.
Netflix reports it has 81 million users across the globe that binge some 1,450 hours of TV shows and moves each second.
And about 41 percent of its members pull something up to watch on the platform every day.
Although one second doesn’t seem like much in the real world, it means quite a lot on the internet.
About 46.1 percent of the world is online, which is about 3.4 billion people – although there are still 4 billion people without access to the internet.
But compare this number to about five years ago, when there was just 31.8 percent surfing the web in the world, and we can image how much the worldwide web is growing.
About 6,000 to 7,000 tweets are shared every second which equals to more than 350,000 every minute, 500 million per day and around 200 billion tweets every year.
The first tweet hit the internet on March 21, 2006 and it wasn’t until 2009 did the firm reach its billionth tweet.
Now it takes less than two days for one billion tweets to be sent.
On any given day, Google will received more than 3 billion searches, which averages to the 54,000 queries a second – that is over 90 billion each month and about 1.2 trillion a year worldwide.
When the search giant first debuted in 1998, it was only serving 10,000 search queries each day.
Flash-forward to 2006 and that was the amount it served in one second.

last Final Budget Of Mr Chidambaram Vs Mr.Arun Jaitley’s 2018

last Final Budget Of Mr Chidambaram Vs Mr.Arun Jaitley’s 2018

Fiscal Situation
* Fiscal deficit is 3.5% of GDP at Rs 5.95 lakh crore in 2017-18. Projecting fiscal deficit to be 3.3% of GDP in the next fiscal

* GST revenue will be received only for 11 months, that will have an effect on balance sheets

* Rs 21.57 lakh crores transferred as net GST to states as against projection of Rs 21.47 lakh crores

Tax
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* 85.51 lakh new tax payers filed income tax returns in FY17

* NO PERSONAL INCOME TAX CHANGES PROPOSED IN BUDGET

* Growth in direct taxes (till Jan 15) is 18.7 %

* 100% tax deduction is allowed to co-operative societies

* Corporate Tax of 25% extended to companies with turnover up to Rs 250 cr in financial year 2016-17

* Incentives for Senior citizens: Exemptions in income of Rs 10,000 from Banks FD and post offices

* Senior citizens to get Rs 50,000 per annum exemption for medical insurance under Sec 80D

* Rs 7.5 lakh per senior citizen limit for investment in interest-bearing LIC schemes doubled to Rs 15 lakh

* Standard deduction of Rs 40,000 allowed for transport, medical reimbursement for salaried tax payers

* Govt to reduce hardships faced in realty deals; no adjustment to be made in case circle rate does not exceed 5 pc of sale consideration

* Rs 8,000 crore revenue lost due to standard deduction allowed to salaried employees

* Rs 7,000 cr revenue forgone on account of lower corporate tax for Rs 250 cr turnover cos

* Rs 19,000 cr revenue loss on direct tax in last fiscal

* LONG TERM CAPITAL GAINS EXCEEDING RS 1 L AKH WILL BE TAXED AT 10% WITHOUT INDEXING

* Short term capital tax remains at 15%

* A tax on distributed income at 10%

* Education cess increased to 4 pc from 3 pc to collect additional Rs 11,000 cr

Imports and Exports
* Customs Duty on certain products, such as mobile phones and televisions has been increased, to provide a fillip to ‘Make in India’

* Social welfare surcharge of 10% on imported goods.

* Central Board of Excise and Customs renamed as Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs

Agriculture

* The government’s emphasis will be on generating higher incomes for farmers, by helping them produce more with lesser cost, and in turn, earn higher income for their produce.

* Jaitley stressed on the fact that India’s agricultural production is at a record high level today. 275 million tonne foodgrains and 300 million tonne fruits and vegetable have been produced in the country.

* The FM said the government wants farmers to earn 1.5 times the production cost, and the Minimum Selling Price (MSP) for the Kharif Crops has been set at 1.5 times the produce price. Jaitley said the Centre will work with states to ensure that all farmer get a fair price.

* Agricultural market and infra fund of Rs 2000 crore fund will be set up to strengthen the market connectivity.

* A sum of Rs 500 cr will be allocated for Operation Green to be launched. It will promote agricultural products.

* Extend the facility of Kisan credit card to fisheries and for animal husbandry

* Rs 10,000 crore set aside for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Fund

* Rs 10,000 crore set aside for animal husbandry infra fund

* Propose to launch a restructured bamboo mission with a fund of Rs 1200 crore . “Bamboo is green gold,” Jaitley said.

* Agricultural credit target increased from Rs 8.5 lakh crore to Rs 11 lakh core

* Special scheme to manage crop reduce in Haryana, Punjab and Delhi to reduce pollution

Rural Economy
* 8 crore poor women will get new LPG connections.

* PM Saubhagya Yojana: 4 crore poor people will get power connection.

* The government will spend Rs 16,000 crore on this scheme.

* Govt plans to construct 2 crore toilets in next fiscal year under Swach Bharat Mission

* Government target house for all by 2022. 51 lakh houses have been constructed affordable houses in rural and further 50 lakh houses in urban areas.

* 1 cr houses to be built under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana in rural areas

* National livelihood scheme gets Rs 5,750 crore .

* In 2018-19, ministries will be able to spend Rs 14.34 lakh crores for creation of livelihood in rural areas.

* Govt gives Rs 9,975 crore for social security schemes for the next fiscal year.

Education
* Govt to increase digital intensity in education. Technology to be the biggest driver in improving quality of education: FM Jaitley

* Rs. 1 lakh crore allocated to revitalisation and upgradation of education sector. Promoting learning based outcomes and research.

* By 2022, every block with more than 50 per cent ST population will have Ekalvya schools at par with Navodaya Vidyalayas

* Aims to move from black board to digital board schools by 2022.

* PM reasearch fellows: Govt will identify 1000 Btech students each years and provide them to do PHDs in IIT and IISc, while also teaching undergraduate students once a week at that time.

Health
5

* Aayushman Bharat programme: 1.5 lakh centres will be set up to provide health facilities closer to home. Rs 1,200 crore to be allocated for this programme

* Flagship National Healthcare protection scheme, with approximately 50 crore beneficiaries. Up to Rs 5 lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation. World’s largest government-funded healthcare programme.

* Universal health coverage will be expanded after seeing the performance of the scheme

* Rs 600 crore allocated for tuberculosis patients, at the rate Rs 500 per month during the course of their treatment.

* Jaitley announces setting up of one medical college for every three parliamentary constituencies, with 24 New government medical colleges also being envisioned. Government also will work on upgrading hospitals to medical colleges

Social Security
* PM Jivan Bhma Yojana has benefited 5.22 crore families

* Govt will expand PM Jan Dhan Yojana: Al 16 crore accounts will be included under micro insurance and pension schemes

* 1.26 cr accounts opened under Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme

* Social inclusion schemes for Scheduled Castes – Rs 52,719 crore

* Social inclusion schemes for Scheduled Tribes Rs 39,139 crore

MSME
* Rs 3,794 crore allocated to the MSME sector in the form of capital support and interest subsidy By 2022, every block with more than 50 per cent ST population will have Ekalvya schools at par with Navodaya Vidyalayas

* Rs 3 lakh crore target has been set for the Mudra Yojana

* Rs 4.6 lakh cr sanctioned under MUDRA Scheme

Petroleum/ Diesel Sector
* Excise on unbranded diesel cut by 2 rupees to 6.33 rupee/ltr

* Excise on unbranded petrol cut by 2 rupees to 4.48 rupee/ltr

Employee-centric schemes
* Govt will contribute 12% of the wages of new employees in EPF in all sectors for next 3 years

* Women contribution to EPF reduced to 8% for first 3 years

Infrastructure
1

* India needs investment of Rs 50 lakh crore in the infrastructure sector

* Construction of new tunnel in Sera Pass to promote tourism

* Out of 100 smart cities 99 cities have been selected, with an outlay of Rs 2.04 lakh crore

* 10 prominent tourist sites will be made iconic tourist destinations, with an amalgamation of private funding, marketing and branding

* Bharatmala project: To develop 35,000 KM under phase 1 with an outlay of Rs 5.35 lakh crore

* Govt to introduce pay-as-you-use system for toll payments

Railways
3

* Railway capex has been pegged at Rs 1.48 lakh crore , up from Rs 1.31 lakh crore last year

* Eliminate unmanned railway crossing

* All stations with footfall of greater than 25,000 will have escalators.

* More stations and trains will progressively be built with WiFi and CCTV camera

* Govt to eliminate 4267 unmanned rail crossing in broad gauge in 2 years

* Allocates Rs 11,000 crore Mumbai rail network and Rs 17,000 crore for the Bengaluru metro

* 150 km of additional suburban railway networks to be set up in Bengaluru at the cost of Rs 17,000 cr.

Aviation
4

* Airport Authority of India (AAI) has 124 airports. Propose to increase the number by at least 5 times 1 billion trips a year, Rs 60 cr has been allocated to kickstart the initiative

* UDAN Scheme to connect 64 unconnected airports across the country

Markets
* Govt to take additional measures to strengthen environment for venture capitalists and angel investors.

* SEBI to consider mandating large corporations to meet 1/4th of their debt needs

* SEBI to mull asking large cos to meet 25% debt from bond market

* RBI norms to nudge companies to access bond market for funds

Technology
* Allocation to Digital India scheme doubled to Rs 3073 cr

* 5 lakh WiFi HotSpots to provide Broadband access to 5 crore rural citizens, at the cost of Rs 10,000 cr.

* Government will take measures to stop cryptocurrency circulation, as it is not considered legal tender

* Government will explore the usage of Blockchain technology.

Companies
* AADHAAR FOR CORPORATES? Govt will evolve a scheme to assign a Unique ID for cos

* Disinvestment target of Rs 80,000 crore for FY19

* National Insurance Co, Oriental Insurance Co and United Assurance Co to be merged into one entity and subsequently listed

* Govt revises divestment target for the current fiscal to Rs 1 lakh crore for FY 18.

Banking
* Recapitalisation will pave the way for public banks to lend an additional Rs 5 lakh crore

Industries
* Rs 7,148 cr allocated for textile sector

Miscellaneous
* Emoluments for President set at Rs 5 lakh, Rs 4 lakh for Vice President, Rs 3.5 lakh for governors

* Emoluments for Parliamentrians: Law for increase in pay based on index to inflation

* Govt earmarks Rs 150 cr to commemorate 150 years of birth of Mahatma Gandhi

Vs 2014 Mr.Chidambaram Budget
Highlight55:No change in income tax rates.#

Highlight54:Populism is not our way of governance.#

Highlight53:Growth for next year should be 5 per cent.#

Highlight52:6 pc excise duty for all mobile phones.#

Highlight51:Soaps, TV, fridge to be cheaper now.#

Highlight50:Excise duty on SUVs reduced to 24%, on large cars to 20%.#

Highlight49:FM reduces excise duty on capital goods from 12% to 10%.#

Highlight48:Cars to be cheaper as FM proposes to reduce excise duty on automobiles. Excise duty on small cars, motorcycles reduced from 12% to 8%.#

Highlight47:Disappointed that we have not been able to introduce DTC.#

Highlight46:Focus on building up manufacturing capacity.#

Highlight45:Community radio to be promoted with Rs 100 crore.#

Highlight44:All taxes on exports to be waived for manufacturing sector.#

Highlight43:Rs 65,000 crore for fuel subsidies.#

Highlight42:Three more industrial corridors announced.#

Highlight41:Govt is dedicated to keeping Indian economy in robust health.#

Highlight40:CAD can only be addressed by foreign investment.#

Highlight39:Budgetary support to railways raised to 29,000 cr.#

Highlight38:Propose a moratorium period for some education loans.#

Highlight37:PSU banks got more than 25 lakh student loan accounts in 2013.#

Highlight36:Proposes Rs 11,200 crore for capital infusion in PSBs.#

Highlight35:Govt approves one rank one pay for retired jawans.#

Highlight34:Defence allocation for FY15 increased by 10 per cent.#

Highlight33:Plan expenditure at Rs 5 lakh 55,322 crore in 2014-15.#

Highlight32:Non-plan expenditure in 2014-15 estimated to be over Rs 10 lakh crore.#

Highlight31:Budgetary support to railways at Rs 29,000 crore in 2014-15.#

Highlight30:Over Rs 45000 cr allocated for scheduled caste sub-plan.#

Highlight29:Seven new airports under construction.#

Highlight28:Those at the bottom of the pyramid need Aadhar.#

Highlight27:Govt remains fully committed to Aadhar.#

Highlight26:50,000 MW of thermal power under construction.#

Highlight25:UPA’s growth story unparalleled.#

Highlight24:P Chidambaram promises 1 million jobs.#

Highlight23:FDI policy has been liberalised to attract larger investment.#

Highlight22:Foreign exchange reserves up by $15 billion.#

Highlight21:Reject the arguement of policy paralysis.#

Highlight20:Foodgrain production estimated at 263 million tons in 2013-14.#

Highlight19:Agriculture credit will cross $45 billion against $41 billion in 2012-13.#

Highlight18:296 projects worth Rs 6,60,000 crore cleared by Cabinet Committee on Investment by end January 2014.#

Highlight17:Growth needs to be more inclusive.#

Highlight16:Growth in Q3 and Q4 FY14 will be at least 5.2 per cent.#

Highlight15:Among emerging economies, rupee affected least.#

Highlight14:Two projects sanctioned under Nirbhaya Fund; original Rs 1,000 crore made non-lapsable; another Rs 1,000 crore granted.#

Highlight13:Agriculture GDP growth expected at 4.6 per cent in current year.#

Highlight12:National manufacturing policy is set to revive manufacturing in 2014.#

Highlight11:Construction underway for 50,000MW of conventional power.#

Highlight10:Over 29,000 MW of power capacity added during fiscal.#

Highlight9:Exports estimated at $326 billion in current fiscal.#

Highlight8:Exports have recovered sharply.#

Highlight7:Too many obsatcles in implementing projects.#

Highlight6:Core inflation at 3 per cent. Food inflation remains a key worry.#

Highlight5:CAD will be contained $45 million.#

Highlight4:Fiscal defict to be contained at 4.6 per cent.#

Highlight3:Challenges we face common to emerging economies.#
Highlight2:India not unaffected by events in global economy.#

Highlight1:Cabinet approves Interim Budget for 2014-15.#