Vels led Tv in Madurai

Vels led Tv in Madurai

The Beautiful World is growing with More Technology. In this world the Electronics things should be
checked by the quality, amount and the way of production. We should know the Merits and
demerits of the things. The best Example of Electronic goods is LED TV. We should know the
Evolution of Technology. In the current here is LED TV QLED Technology (Quantum Led, organic led),
Before that 4K LED TV Technology, Before that UHD (ULTRA HD), then Long Back FULL HD and the
first LED Technology was HD Technology. The past ten years this Technology was grown up. We
cannot find any different when we watch LED TV. But we can find difference when the sales man
Explain about it.

The different type of all technology (QLED, OLED, 4K, FHD, UHD, HD) led tv give same lights and
sound for your led television. All led tv for. When we purchasing a led tv our home we will select
that according to their price and the life span. But some leading company products are not full fill
the customer’s satisfaction that led products are not working for our expected level. Many leading
companies selling limited products led tv only for limited warranty. If that product led tv needs any
service needs they don't give good service. The leading companies theme was main to sell a new
product to us not our existing led products services.
This kind of behaviour are not in our company, we are only for the customer satisfaction.That’s our
VELS LED TV.
 Life time service
 Spare stock in for all old models
 Experience service experts in our company
 Good service solution for software and hardware
History
In 1926,  Kenjiro Takayanagi  demonstrated the first TV system that employed a cathode ray
tube (CRT) display, at Hamamatsu Industrial High School in Japan. This was the first working example
of a fully electronic television receiver. His research toward creating a production model was halted
by the US after Japan lost World War II.
Mechanical televisions were commercially sold from 1928 to 1934 in the United Kingdom, United
States, and Soviet Union. The earliest commercially made televisions were radios with the addition
of a television device consisting of a neon tube behind a mechanically spinning disk with a spiral of
apertures that produced a red postage-stamp size image, enlarged to twice that size by a magnifying
glass. The Baird "Televisor" (sold in 1930–1933 in the UK) is considered the first mass-produced
television, selling about a thousand units.
The first commercially made electronic televisions with cathode ray tubes were manufactured
by Telefunken in Germany in 1934, followed by other makers in France (1936), Britain (1936),  and
America (1938). The cheapest model with a 12-inch (30 cm) screen was $445 (equivalent to $7,921
in 2018). An estimated 19,000 electronic televisions were manufactured in Britain, and about 1,600
in Germany, before World War II. About 7,000–8,000 electronic sets were made in the U.S. before

the War Production Board halted manufacture in April 1942, production resuming in August 1945.
Television usage in the western world skyrocketed after World War II with the lifting of the
manufacturing freeze, war-related technological advances, the drop in television prices caused by
mass production, increased leisure time, and additional disposable income. While only 0.5% of U.S.
households had a television in 1946, 55.7% had one in 1954, and 90% by 1962. In Britain, there were
15,000 television households in 1947, 1.4 million in 1952, and 15.1 million by 1968. By the late 1960s
and early 1970s,  color television  had come into wide use. In Britain, BBC1, BBC2 and ITV were
regularly broadcasting in colour by 1969.
During the first decade of the 21st century, CRT "picture tube" display technology was almost
entirely supplanted worldwide by flat panel displays. By the early 2010s, LCD TVs, which increasingly
used LED-backlit LCDs, accounted for the overwhelming majority of television sets being
manufactured.
Display
Television sets may employ one of several available display technologies. As of the mid-
2010s, LCDs overwhelmingly predominate in new merchandise, but OLED displays are claiming an
increasing market share as they become more affordable and DLP technology continues to offer
some advantages in projection systems. The production of plasma and CRT displays has been almost
completely discontinued.
There are four primary competing TV technologies:
 CRT
 LCD (multiple variations of LCD screens are called QLED, quantum dot, LED, LCD TN, LCD IPS,
LCD PLS, LCD VA, etc.)
 OLED
 Plasma
World's major TV manufacturers
Rank Manufacturer Market Share (%) Headquarters
1 Samsung 20.2 Seoul, South Korea
2 Lg Electronics 12.1 Seoul, South Korea
3 Tcl 9 Huizhou, China
4 Hisense 6.1 Qingdao, China
5 Sony 5.6 Minato, Japan
6 Skyworth 3.8 Shenzhen, China
7 Tpv Technology ( Philips ) 4.1 Hongkong, China
8 Vizio 3.7 Irvine, Usa
9 Haier 3 Qingdao, China
10 Vels 2.8 Madurai

 

Vels led Tv in Madurai/Vels led Tv in Madurai/Vels led Tv in Madurai/Vels led Tv in Madurai/Vels led Tv in Madurai/Vels led Tv in Madurai/Vels led Tv in MaduraiVels led Tv in Madurai/

comali ena koduma sir idhu…!

comali ena koduma sir idhu…!
Jayam Ravi is an nice actor who adopts the role he plays whether movies like
comedy, thriller and also in a commercial. He has been travelling with thriller
movies for the past year like Thani Oruvan ,Adanga Maru ,Tik Tik Tik And
Miruthan . His fans and another peoples thought that he had turned him to move
onto thriller subjects. But he had proved that he can do whatever the role maybe
also he defined him that he plays the role by adopting with the character. He had
breakthroughed and over come the opinion of his fans. He made a student role
from the 80’s and late ’90s. Yogi Babu appears as a best friend of Ravi ( Jayam Ravi )
from the school days . With their collaboration, they entertain the audience by
making comedies right from starting of the movie to the end of the movie. Same as
every movies in Tamil Ravi ( Jayam Ravi ) falls love with a classmate Nikitha (
Samyuktha Hedge ) during his teenage schooling. After falling in love as usual
like other movies Ravi proposes Nikitha by gifting a idol to her by this time Ravi
met an accident he loose his memories and slips into coma for an 16 years . This
scenario changes Ravi’s life into an upside down. He wakes up after 16 yrs he look
like 37-year-old men but his mentality is just a 17 years old teen age boy from late
90’s . He loose his patience when he tries to adapt with the world. He meets
Rithika ( Kajal Agarwal )supporting actor. He enjoys time spending time with her .
Later on he knew that his family is facing a huge debt the money spent for his
treatment . So he decides to go for job . sequentialy Rithika knows about Ravi’s
past life after that she considers and provides him a watchman job in a museum . By
Rithika he knows the idol which he presented to Nikitha is a highly valued one .
But here the twist arrives now the idol is owned by K.S.Ravikumar and he is none
other than the villain of the movie and another interesting fact is the accident met by
Ravi is because of K.S.Ravikumar . He is a villain for the movie and as well as he
is the villain for Ravi’s life . K.S.Ravikumar plays an politician role in this movie
. Ravi tries to take the idol from K.S.Ravikumar by using some methods to save his
family from debt . Atlast Ravi becomes a Youtube celebrity by uploading the
videos . He expresses his thoughts how people’s life of 90’s has changed . The
motive of the movie is everything in the world we had changed for living but the
only one must be left for others is humanity.When we loose the humanity then we
are not humans . Worth to watch the movie with family.
comali ena koduma sir idhu…!/

comali ena koduma sir idhu…!

Best LOW COST LED TV SERVICE in MADURAI – 9944500780

Best LOW COST LED TV SERVICE MADURAI – 994450078
 Maintaining your TV will save you the cost of repairing and replacing new parts and most importantly, will extend the life of your flat screen. Many a times, one forgets to do the simplest of things, like turning off the TV before sleeping. Sometimes, the voltage in your power supply is unchecked and this gives rise to spikes in electricity, further degrading the internal circuits. The biggest enemy of any electronic equipment is dust, which creates short circuit and potentially damages the screen beyond repair. Below are 10 essential tips to maintain your TV set.
1. Turn off your TV regularly
TV
The lifecycle of a television set is about sixty five thousand hours. However, if you are doing something else while using your TV in the background or even if you sleep while watching something, this gradually tends to become a habit. Its lifespan will consequently decrease. And maybe after two years or so, it might need repair. You can simply avoid it by making a habit of switching off your TV when you do not really need it.
2. Use a voltage regulator or a surge protector
TV
You must also be wary of severe voltage spikes. These damage your electronic items to a great extent. Voltage spikes generally happen whenever there are power cuts and when the power gets back all of a sudden. Voltage fluctuations may also happen even when there is continuous power supply or during thunderstorm and lightning. A voltage regulator will take care of not only your television set but also other electronic equipment like your air conditioner, refrigerator, washing machine and your microwave. You can also get a surge protector, that is quite economical.
3. Optimal brightness
TV
Adjusting the brightness settings to the maximum level at all times can also reduce the lifespan of your TV. It is not advisable if you want your flat screen to function for long. Too much brightness causes eye strain, so it is better to keep the brightness at an optimal level.
4. Appropriate use of contrast
TV
Using high contrast levels decreases the lifespan of your flat screen. The picture quality is bound to decrease in a few years as more processing power is used at high contrast levels. So, it is advisable to vary the contrast rates from time to time.
5. TVs also need to breathe
TV
Your flat screen LCD television set requires a decent space for ventilation. Generally, it generates a lot of heat due to the amount of electricity used. Therefore, it is best to use your TV in an open space without humidity so that it cools by itself when you turn off your television. And even when you are using it, the internal circuit would not heat as much, thereby increasing the lifespan.
6. Keep the sharp objects away
Sharp objects can easily destroy your screen and can create a permanent damage sometimes since LCD screens are much thinner. Thus, keep such objects away as much as you can.
7. Clean your TV from time to time
TV
It is recommended that you get good quality products that are meant for cleaning your TV sets. Sometimes, dust accumulates on the screen, affecting visibility. Never use water to clean the screen. Anti-static electricity cleansers are a must have and are safe.
8. Keep dust away
TV
As mentioned earlier, dust is detrimental to your TV’s health. And it can not only settle on your screen but also in the insides of your flat screen set. It can cause your TV to respond slowly. You can use electronic vacuum pumps that are meant for household electronic items.
9. Burn-in prevention
You can refrain from using your television for longer periods of time as the images that stay for a longer time than the others, will start having burn-ins.
10. Avoid low temperatures
TV
Best LOW COST LED TV SERVICE MADURAI994450078/Best LOW COST LED TV SERVICE MADURAI – 994450078/Best LOW COST LED TV SERVICE MADURAI – 994450078/Best LOW COST LED TV SERVICE MADURAI – 994450078

FREE TANCET Coaching Classes

Kaliswari  Education offers TANCET Coaching Classes for TANCET MBA. TANCET is the entrance exam for seeking admission to pursue MBA and MCA from leading engineering colleges and institutions that are a part of Anna University in Tamilnadu.

We also offer a comprehensive ONLINE course for TANCET MBA. The course has been designed and delivered by TANCET topper and IIM graduates. A combination of Tamil and English has been used to help you grasp concepts with ease.

sad demise of DMK’S Leader Mr.Karunanidhi

the sad demise of DMK’S Leader Mr.Karunanidhi

The Tamil Nadu government announced a public holiday on Wednesday. The state will observe a seven-day mourning as a mark of respect for the former chief minister, Moreover Karunanidhi

Shri -KaniMozhi the Daughter of Karunanidhi always intact with her father to take care, Dmk party force has a strong confidence over the Kanimozhi the party may offer the topmost position to kanimozhi

Honorable President also condoled about the demise

President of India
@rashtrapatibhvn

Extremely sad to learn of the passing of Thiru M. Karunanidhi. A doyen of our public life, as a contributor to the development of Tamil Nadu and of India he has few peers. Our country is poorer today. My condolences to his family and millions of well-wishers

 

Quality Education to all is a Keyfactor for india to become Developed Nation-SBI Study Report

Quality Education to all is a Key factor for India to become Developed Nation-SBI Study Report

  • India needs to focus on education within a decade, failing which the much-hailed ‘demographic dividend’ will turn into a disadvantage, an SBI report has said

The report suggests if India fails to act within this window, it might perpetually stay in the emerging group of economies the report says to change its status into a developed country, India will need to focus on education 

MUMBAI: India has only one decade to change its status into a developed countryand will need to focus on education, failing which the much-hailed ‘demographic dividend’ will turn into a disadvantage, a report said on Wednesday.

If India is not able to get its act together, it will never be able to go into the developed group of nations, the report by the research wing of country’s largest lender SBI warned.

“India has perhaps now only a limited window of a decade to get into the developed country tag, or stay perpetually in emerging group of economies. Policymakers, wake up and smell the coffee!” the report said.

The report said the government and policymakers will have to focus on the young people to ensure they become good citizens and invest in education in order to achieve the objective and realise the demographic dividend.

“India’s strength of demographic dividend could actually turn into India’s disadvantage by 2030,” it warned.

The population growth trend indicates that incremental population growth has been stagnant in the last two decades at approximately 18 crores, and fertility rates are quite diverse across states, it added.

The report said Karnataka, which has seen a decline in birth rate over the last few decades that has led to the share of those over 60 years increasing to 9.5 per cent in 2011, from 6.1 per cent in 1971, is the best representative of the need to focus on education.

With the affluence that comes as a result of slower population growth, people are preferring to put their children in private schools and not the government ones, on which a large number of the population still depends.

“The need of the hour is thus to improve the overall situation of government schools across states,” it said, suggesting a slew of changes needed in order to make the state-run schools perform better.

Among them, the SBI economists have suggested to stop stop granting funds to private schools under the right to education and divert the same to upgrade infrastructure in the government schools.

There is also a need for better classrooms, more focus on making English as a medium of teaching, qualified teachers with better remuneration who are not forced to do duties like census surveys, the report said.

Xiaomi Mi-8 price

Xiaomi Mi-8 price

NETWORK Technology GSM / CDMA / HSPA / LTE
LAUNCH Announced 2018, May
Status Coming soon. Exp. release 2018, June
BODY Dimensions 154.9 x 74.8 x 7.6 mm (6.10 x 2.94 x 0.30 in)
Weight 175 g (6.17 oz)
Build Front/rear glass, aluminum frame (7000 series)
SIM Dual SIM (Nano-SIM, dual stand-by)
DISPLAY Type Super AMOLED capacitive touchscreen, 16M colors
Size 6.21 inches, 97.1 cm2 (~83.8% screen-to-body ratio)
Resolution 1080 x 2248 pixels (~402 ppi density)
Multitouch Yes
Protection Corning Gorilla Glass (unspecified version)
– HDR10 display
– DCI-P3
– MIUI 10
PLATFORM OS Android 8.1 (Oreo)
Chipset Qualcomm SDM845 Snapdragon 845
CPU Octa-core (4×2.8 GHz Kryo 385 Gold & 4×1.8 GHz Kryo 385 Silver)
GPU Adreno 630
MEMORY Card slot No
Internal 64/128/256 GB, 6 GB RAM
CAMERA Primary Dual: 12 MP (f/1.8, 1/2.55″, 1.4µm, 4-axis OIS, dual-pixel PDAF) + 12 MP (f/2.4, 1/3.4″, 1.0µm), 2x optical zoom, dual pixel phase detection autofocus, dual-LED flash
Features Geo-tagging, touch focus, face detection, HDR, panorama
Video 2160p@60fps, 1080p@30/240fps
Secondary 20 MP (f/2.0, 1.8µm), 1080p
SOUND Alert types Vibration; MP3, WAV ringtones
Loudspeaker Yes
3.5mm jack No
– Active noise cancellation with dedicated mic
– Type-C to 3.5 mm headphone jack adapter
COMMS WLAN Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band, Wi-Fi Direct, DLNA, hotspot
Bluetooth 5.0, A2DP, LE, aptX HD
GPS Yes, with A-GPS, GLONASS, BDS, GALILEO, QZSS
NFC Yes
Radio No
USB Type-C 1.0 reversible connector
FEATURES Sensors Infrared face recognition, fingerprint (rear-mounted), accelerometer, gyro, proximity, barometer, compass
Messaging SMS(threaded view), MMS, Email, Push Email, IM
Browser HTML5
– Fast battery charging (Quick Charge 4.0+)
– MP4/DivX/XviD/WMV/H.265 player
– MP3/WAV/eAAC+/FLAC player
– Photo/video editor
– Document viewer
BATTERY Non-removable Li-Po 3400 mAh battery
MISC Colors Black, Blue, White, Gold

Disclaimer. We can not guarantee that the information on this page is 100% correct. Read more

Incredible home remedies for high blood pressure

Incredible home remedies for high blood pressure17th May is globally celebrated as World Hypertension Day. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, refers to the pressure of blood against the artery walls. It is a serious health condition that can lead to diabetes, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and other problems. Hypertension is sometimes called the silent killer because it has no alarming symptoms or signs, but it causes progressive harm to the cardiovascular system. For this very reason it remains unnoticed and untreated for years. The possible causes of high blood pressure are excess consumption of salt, lack of exercise, an unhealthy diet, stress, birth control pills and pain relievers. Medication is often prescribed for hypertension. You can also help control it by trying some lifestyle changes. Home remedies, play a big role in lowering blood pressure. Here is the list of top 10 home remedies you can use to effectively control your high blood pressure.

1. Watermelon Seeds

Watermelon seeds

Add two tsp of crushed dried watermelon seeds to a cup of boiled water. Steep it for about an hour, then strain it. Take this mixture at regular intervals throughout the day. This remedy is effective in lowering blood pressure levels.

2. Coconut water

Coconut water

Coconut water contains good amounts of potassium, magnesium and vitamin C that help lower systolic blood pressure. Drink about 8-10 glasses of coconut water with a dash of honey and lemon.

3. Lemon

Lemon

Drink a cup of warm water with the juice of half a lemon added to it each morning on an empty stomach. For best results, do not add salt or sugar.

4. Celery

Celery

Mix celery seeds in your tea or eat one stalk of celery along with a glass of water daily. This remedy helps in keeping blood pressure levels under check.

5. Fenugreek seeds

Fenugreek seeds

Boil one tsp of fenugreek seeds in water for about two minutes, and then strain and drink it. Follow this remedy for two to three months to notice a significant improvement in your blood pressure level.

6. Honey and ginger

Honey and ginger

Mix a teaspoon of ginger juice with a teaspoon of honey and cumin seeds. Drink this concoction twice a day as a remedy for blood pressure.

7. Garlic

Garlic

Chew a few cloves of garlic with a teaspoon of honey twice a day, preferably in the morning and at bed time. You can also mix five or six drops of garlic juice in four teaspoons of water and take it twice a day.

8. Beetroot

Beetroot

According to several researches, drinking a glass of beet juice daily can help in dropping blood pressure levels considerably.

9. Onion juice

Onion juice

Mix one tsp each of onion juice and honey and take it twice a day for one to two weeks for desired results.

10. Banana

Banana

Bananas are low in sodium and high in potassium which helps lower blood pressure. Add bananas to your cake, breads, smoothies, cereals and shakes. Or have one in the morning on an empty stomach.

Watermelon  Mocktail

LEMO-VERA for fast hydration

LEMO-VERA for fast hydration Coco-Vera

While appetites in Summers go low, the thirst for drinks rises up. Having a chilled aerated drink may cool you down, but it’s not doing any good to your body. Here we have a special curated beverage recipe called Coco Vera, that is an exotic mix of fresh coconut water and aloe vera flesh. It sure does taste as exotic as it sounds! Occasions like kitty parties, family get-togethers, game nights and a lunch with friends are apt to enjoy this mocktail recipe and will surely impress everyone with its tantalizing flavors. Loaded with the goodness of coconut, aloe vera, cloves, lemongrass, basil and lemon juice, this healthy beverage will provide a much-needed respite from the scorching heat of the summers. So, get ready to enjoy this extremely exotic mix of sweet and salty flavors without adding any fatty sugars to your body. Enjoy!

How to make LEMO-Vera

  • Step 1

    To prepare this beverage recipe, cut the top shell of a fresh green coconut to make a hole in it. Take a spoon and scrape the coconut meat from the inside into a bowl. Add the flesh of aloe vera, crushed basil leaves and lemongrass to the coconut water and stir gently. Preserve the coconut shell top and coconut meat for later use.

  • Step 2

    Add lime juice to the coconut water left in the green coconut. Add 100 grams of the scooped out coconut meat in the coconut. Cover the coconut with the coconut shell top and let it stay overnight for the process of infusion of all the flavors in the fresh coconut water. Next morning, pour the flavor infused coconut water in a glass with ice cubes and garnish it with cloves. Serve immediately to enjoy!

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How to make quality Maggi Masala at home 

1. How to make quality Maggi Masala at home

How to make Maggi Masala at home

The secret ingredients of Maggi Masala have intrigued us all since decades. There is something special about this delicious masala that adds taste to any dish that it is used in. But how is the masala made? What goes inside and in what proportion? Here is the secret recipe of Maggi Masala that you will surely thank us for!

2. Here’s what you need

Here's what you need

2 teaspoons onion powder, 1 teaspoons garlic powder, 2 teaspoons coriander seeds, 2 red chilli, 1/4 teaspoon turmeric powder, 2 teaspoon cumin (jeera), 1/2 teaspoon pepper powder, 2 teaspoon fenugreek seeds, 1 teaspoon ginger powder, 1/2 teaspoon garam masala, 1 teaspoons sugar, 1/2 teaspoons red chilli flakes, 1 tablespoon cornflour 1/2 teaspoon aamchoor (dry mango) powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon black pepper

3. Step 1

Step 1

Take all the whole spices like fenugreek seeds, cumin seeds, coriander seeds, red chili, black pepper and sun dry them in the hot sun for a day or dry roast them.

4. Step 2

Step 2

Transfer the roasted spices to a wide plate and cool thoroughly.

5. Step 3

Step 3

Add the roasted spices to the food processor and grind it to a coarse-fine powder.

6. Step 4

Step 4

Add all the remaining ingredients in the coarsely crushed powder. Sieve and powder the coarse spices again. 

7. Step 5

Step 5

Flavorful homemade Maggi masala powder is ready. Store this in an airtight container in the fridge and use as required. This masala can be used for sprinkling on noodles, pasta & and even in curries and mashes. Now the Masala is ready without lead content you can prepare it for your kids with peace!

Goat milk Vs Cow Milk

Goat milk Vs Cow Milk

1. What are the health benefits of goat milk?

What are the health benefits of goat milk?

With endless health benefits, goat milk is considered as a better option as compared to cow milk. Surprisingly, goats only produce milk equivalent to about 2% of the global milk supply. This milk is also cheaper to process because it doesn’t require homogenization (the small fat molecules do not separate and remain suspended in the cream). That’s the reason goat milk is commonly processed into cheese, butter, ice cream, and yogurt. In fact, goat cheese is considered quite exotic and goat milk is being used in the treatment of Dengue. Though the popularity of cow milk is not likely to fade in the coming years, it is necessary to understand and clear the myths associated with other milk sources. Here, we have tried to throw some light on the facts associated with goat milk that we all should know. For instance, the milk-fat particles of goat are very small, making the milk very easy to digest. According to health experts, it is a better option for babies, in case a mother does not nurse her own baby. Also, it is a great option for those suffering from digestion issues and ulcers. According to experts, goat milk has superior ease of digestion and buffering properties. Moreover, as compared to cow’s milk, goat milk has improved amounts of protein, fat, iron, vitamin C, and vitamin D. It has less lactose content and more vitamin A, B. Scroll below to know more about such interesting facts associated with goat milk.

2. Lactose content

Lactose content

You will be surprised to know that goat milk has 13% less lactose than cow milk. Also, it has 41% less lactose than the human milk.

 

3. Milk-fat particles are small

Milk-fat particles are small

The milk-fat particles of goat are very small, making the milk very easy to digest. According to health experts, it is a better option for babies, in case a mother does not nurse her own baby.

4. Easy to digest

Easy to digest

It is a great option for those suffering from digestion issues and ulcers. According to experts, goat milk has superior ease of digestion and buffering properties.

5. Controls cholesterol deposit

Controls cholesterol deposit

Due to the correct amount of fatty acids, goat milk has a unique metabolic ability to control cholesterol deposits in the body tissues.

6. Better by-products

Better by-products

According to a research, goat milk and its products are purely white in color, because all the yellow beta-carotene are already converted to colorless pure vitamin A during the processing.

7. Better nutritional content

Better nutritional content

As compared to cow’s milk, goat milk has improved amounts of protein, fat, iron, vitamin C and vitamin D. It has less lactose content and more vitamin A, B.

8. Good for growing children

Good for growing children

The fresh goat milk when consumed in the growing age, helps contribute to building strong and healthy body and mind.

9. Similar in taste

Similar in taste

Though goat milk is considered superior to cow milk, when it comes to taste, they both are very similar.

10. Good for allergies

Good for allergies

Those who are allergic to cow milk can easily consume goat milk because it contains a different kind of protein that causes no reaction or allergy in the body.

Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!

Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!

The situation of receding gums happens when the tissue of the gum around the teeth corrodes and it looks like your gums recede backward. Then a large surface of the teeth is exposed and more visible. When the gums go back, the space between the gum line and the teeth rises. That is a perfect place for bacteria growth. Another problem that may happen is overexposure of the root of the tooth that can lead to extreme pain and sensitivity of the tooth. It will also have a negative influence on the structure and bone of the tooth that can cause loss of the tooth. receding gums

Symptoms

This is a very common problem and most of the people who suffer from it do not notice the problem. The reason is that the process is slow and happens gradually. Remember to check your gums if your teeth have become very sensitive. That is one of the first signs. Another indicator is the size of your tooth: if it is larger than before then you need to treat the problem because it is a sign of receding gums. Other symptoms may be:

– Tooth pain/ache
– Larger tooth than before
– Tooth sensitivity

What causes receding gums?!

It might be a gum disease, but it can be caused by other reasons such as:

1. Periodontal diseases. That means bacterial infection in the gums. They cause damage to the supporting bone of the tooth and the gums, followed by other problems.

2. Lack of oral hygiene. If you skip teeth brushing and flossing you might build up plaque on the teeth. That can lead to calculus which is a hard substance which can lead to gum recession.

3. Aggressive brushing. It is the complete opposite of brushing teeth on regular basis. If you brush your teeth aggressively then the enamel on your teeth will be destroyed and this will lead to receding gums.

4. Sometimes you will blame the genes. In this case, you cannot change a lot about your problem.

5. Hormone imbalance can lead to receding gums. This can be a huge problem especially among women. Those changes lead to more vulnerable and sensitive gums.

6. Smoking is also a reason for receding gums. Smoking also causes many other diseases such as lung disease and cancer, but it can also cause receding gums. People, who consume tobacco in any form, can get sticky plague on their teeth more easily and this leads to receding gums.

7. Clenching and grinding your teeth will put pressure on them and this can cause receding gums. Using force to take bits while you eat may also cause the same problem.

8. This is a weird reason, but piercing your tongue or lips can also lead to the same problem.

How to treat receding gums

If you notice the problem with receding gums on time your doctor can treat them with either root planning or tooth scaling. The doctor will safely remove the calculus or the plague from your teeth and the surface underneath the gum line. The other case is if you do not notice the problem on time. In this case you may need to do a surgery on your gums in order to repair the damage. Some of the surgeries may be: regeneration of the lost tissue and bone of gums and teeth, depth reduction, soft tissue graft etc. If you like to avoid surgery you can use some of the homemade remedies in this article. But remember to consult your doctor if you have serious gyms infection, because you need to know how deep has the bacteria gone. In this case, this step should not be avoided. If the problem is not so serious then you can use only these homemade remedies. By using them and with proper oral hygiene you can grow back you receding gums.

How can they grow back?

Gums are soft tissues. They cover our teeth in order to stay in place and they also cover the root of the teeth. If you want to solve the problem with receding gums you need to have a good oral hygiene and you can use many recipes such as oil pulling in order to grow your receding gums again. Read more in the other sections.

Homemade recipes for growing back receding gums

We present you homemade recipes that require only simple ingredients such as herbs and spices.

Green tea

Green tea has an abundance of health benefits. It is full of antioxidants that fight the free radicals that can cause periodontal disease which can lead to receding gums. One of the antioxidants in green tea is catechins and it helps in destroying any periodontal disease. This antioxidant can strengthen the connection between the gums and teeth. Its anti-inflammatory properties will lower the swelling of the gums that cause oral diseases.

How to use it:

Every morning drink 1 cup of green tea.

Aloe Vera

We present you another ingredient that can help you with your gum problem. It is aloe vera and it has many health benefits and most of them are connected with skin problems. The reason is because aloe vera has many anti-inflammatory properties and repairing capabilities. In cases of receding gums, aloe vera will fight against inflammation and will turn on the cells which are very important for repairing the tissues. It will prevent other infections, due to its antibacterial properties.

How to use it:

Use the gel from aloe vera for your gums problem. There are 2 ways. The first one is to use aloe vera gel like a mouthwash and for brushing.

Once you have flossed and brushed, put some aloe vera gel and once again brush the gums and teeth. This should last around 3 to 5 minutes. Then rinse your mouth thoroughly.

The other way is to use it as a mouthwash. Once again after you brush your teeth take a little bit of aloe vera gel and dissolve it in some water. The consistency should be good enough for you so you can swirl it through your mouth. Do this every day after brushing.

Oil pulling

One of the most effective treatments for receding gums is oil pulling. It also helps with other oral diseases and it is mostly known for healing cavities. Sesame oil has many health benefits and anti-inflammatory properties. It can reduce plague buildups and destroy the toxins in your mouth. The sesame oil will form a protective layer over your teeth and it will reduce the chances of plague building. You can also use this method for improving the absorption of healthy nutrients in your body.

How to use it:

Take sesame oil and warm it up. Do not overheat the oil. You only need to warm it. Then brush your teeth and take sesame oil in your mouth. Gargle it and swirl it around your mouth. Do this for a few minutes. If you are not familiar with this process you can start with 30 seconds to 1 minute and once you get used to the procedure increase the time. The goal is 15 to 20 minutes.

Other way of oil pulling

You can also use coconut oil for oil pulling. It will reduce the chances of getting infections that may be the reason for receding gums. The coconut oil will heal your cavity and prevent tooth decay and it is one effective ingredient for treating receding gums.

How to use it:

It is better if you use organic coconut oil. Brush your teeth and then take a little bit of coconut oil and use it as a mouthwash. Once again do the method 1 to 2 minutes and increase gradually. The goal is 15 to 20 minutes daily. It can also help you to grow back receding gums and it will prevent bacteria growth in your mouth.

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus contains essential oils that have many health benefits. It is known fact that the essential oils from the herbs are stronger than the herb itself. That is very clear since we always use only a few drops of essential oils in many recipes. The essential oil from the eucalyptus can destroy germs and bacteria that live in your mouth. They will protect you from any oral diseases. It has many anti-inflammatory properties and they help in reducing the swelling in the gums. Remember to dilute the essential oil before you put it on your gums. It is really strong.

How to use it:

Take1 or 2 drops of eucalyptus essential oil and 1 or 2 tablespoons of water. Dilute the essential oil in the water and dip your toothbrush or your finger in the oil. Apply it on your gums and massage it gently. Wash your mouth with water. This will stimulate the growth of new gums and it will prevent receding gums.

Myrrh

You can obtain resin from the Myrrh tree. That resin is used for curing and treating different gums and mouth diseases. It will stop the recession of the gums and it will prevent additional damages to the gums.

How to use it:

Use powdered myrrh. If you have myrrh in the form of resin, make powder by crushing it. Combine it with water and mix until a paste is formed. Apply it on your gums and massage it well. It should last a few minutes and you can use a toothbrush to complete this method.

Clove oil

One of the common uses of clove oil is preventing toothache. Many people are not familiar with the disinfectant properties of the clove. It can help you to destroy the germs and bacteria in your mouth and it will fight against any oral disease. It has anti-inflammatory properties as well and it can reduce the swelling of the gums. In order to fight periodontal disease you have to reduce inflammation. If you try and chew a clove you will experience a numbing effect. After every meal you can chew a clove. Remember that the clove oil should touch every side of your mouth. This will also destroy the bad breath. If you want you can try and use clove oil.

How to use it:

Take 1 to 2 drops of clove oil and massage your gums. Do this method one to three times in a day. Precaution: in case of using a blood clotting medication, please consult your doctor before you do this method.

Lemon

Lemons are known for their antiseptic and antibacterial properties. The lemon can stimulate the growth of receding gums. It will also destroy the bad breath. Lemons are acidic and remember that too much of them can destroy the enamel on your teeth. Do not use lemon oil every day. It should be used only one time in week. If you want you can make homemade lemon oil and you will not have to worry about that.

Homemade lemon oil:

You will need:

– ¼ to ½ cup of olive oil
– ½ to 1 freshly squeezed lemon juice

Directions: put the olive oil in a jar and add the lemon juice. Cover and shake it well. Leave the mixture for a couple of weeks. Remember to shake the jar every day. After three to four weeks you can start and use the oil.

How to use it:

Apply little bit of lemon oil on your fingers and massage your gums for a couple of minutes. Do this method not more than 2 times in a week.

Tips for preventing gum recession

It is better to prevent the problem then to cure it. If you see how many people have problems with receding gums then it is time to take some precautions. This way you will prevent other oral diseases as well. We will give you some tips that can help you to take better care of your gums and mouth.

Proper oral hygiene

This is one of the most important tips. It will keep the oral diseases away.

Remember:

– No aggressive brushing.
– Use gentle strokes and circular motion.
– Brush along your gym line, do not push the gums.
– Use a brush with small head and soft bristles.
– Floss!!!
– The best way to keep good oral hygiene is to floss and brush after every meal. If you are not able to do that then after every meal use a mouthwash.

Mouthwash for a clean mouth

If you use a mouthwash on daily basis then your mouth will be free of bacteria and germs. It is recommended that you use it every day. We will give you recipes for homemade mouthwash if you do not want to use the ones from the market. They are made with some essential oils.

– Mix 1 to 2 drops of essential oil, such as sage oil, peppermint, clove or tea tree oil and mix t with ¼ to ½ cups of water. Mix it well and use it every day.

– Another good way to protect your mouth from infections is hydrogen peroxide. It is very strong so remember to dilute it with water.

Remember that mouthwash is very important. Do it at least 2 times daily: in the morning and in the evening.

Water, water, and water

We all know that water is very important and drinking a lot of it can keep your gums healthy. We present you some reasons why you should drink more water to keep your gums healthy:

– You will get rid of the toxins from your mouth and your body. You will flush out any germs and bacteria in your mount and therefore you will prevent receding gums.

– You will keep your mouth clean. If you cannot clean your mouth after every meal you can use water to clean any food that is left on your teeth and in your mouth. Swish it around in your mouth and if you cannot spit the water out you can swallow it. Simple as that.

Eat healthily

Food that is healthy and full of nutrients can improve your overall health and boost your immune system as well. On the other hand, junk food will help the bacteria to grow in your mouth which can lead to many infections.

– Eat as many fruits and vegetables as you can. We recommend the ones that are full of vitamin C, because it is very important for your gums. It can reduce inflammation and help in the regeneration of the gums. Eat a lot pineapple, strawberries, oranges, cauliflower, asparagus, broccoli, asparagus etc.

– Reduce the sugar intake and avoid cold drinks. They are perfect home for bacteria.

– Do not consume alcohol, processed food, caffeine and anything that is made of white flour. They are bad for your overall health as well as for your oral health.

Consult with your doctor for any supplements

If your body does not have all important nutrients it can lead to bad oral health and problems with the gums. In order to change that you need to visit your doctor and find out if you should increase the intake of certain vitamins or other important nutrients. The following supplements can help you with receding gums:

– Calcium: it is very important for dental and bone health.
– Vitamin C: it will boost your immune system and also has many anti-inflammatory properties.
– Ginkgo biloba: it will improve your blood circulation, which is crucial for having healthy gums.
– Zinc: it will boost your immune system and you will fight different bacteria that can cause infection and oral diseases.
– Coenzume Q10: it will renew your cells and it will help you to grow back your receding gums.

Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!/Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!/Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!//Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!/Natural Remedies to Protect your Gums-Smile forever!

Bad Cholesterol and Its Remedies

Bad Cholesterol and Its Remedies

The very mention of the word ‘cholesterol’ creates a pang of fear in most of us in recent times.

Cholesterol is one of those afflictions to the human body where no outward symptoms are indicated for detecting. Cholesterol affects the middle as well as the old age groups.

All of us must be aware that the fats get deposited on the blood carrying paths and veins from a very young age.

What happens if cholesterol level increases?

There would be nobody pain, neck pain, or heart pain or any other complaint when affected by increased cholesterol level. However, gradually, there may be serious complaints such as paralytic attacks, heart attack, kidney diseases, eyesight related problems.

While there are no external symptoms to detect the high cholesterol level, the same can be tested and confirmed through a blood test.

A test, known as ‘lipid profile’ is conducted. Lipid profile or lipid panel is a panel of blood tests that serves as an initial broad medical screening tool for abnormalities in lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides.

This test must be taken only in the body condition when no food had been taken in the previous 12 hours. Even drinks must be avoided, Only water can be taken during these 12 hours.

It is advisable to have this test for males above 35 years of age and females above 45 years of age.

However, it is better for all people with prospects of excess fat in their bloodlines to take this blood test.

It is really essential for the following cadres of all age groups to have this blood test as mandatory:

· People with high blood pressure
· Diabetics
· People affected by renal failure
· People affected by heart attacks or paralytic attacks.
· The hereditary or relatives of the above cadre
· People with obesity
· People with habits of smoking/drinking
· The workers who do not have scope for physical exercises in their jobs
· Women after menopause

There are different types of blood cholesterol – Total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglyceride. Out of this the complaint deserving the utmost attention is the cholesterol, known as ‘bad cholesterol’ or LDL – ‘Low-Density Lipoprotein’ and triglyceride cholesterol.

The food habits constitute only 25% of reasons for these complaints whereas there are other factors that constitute 75% of these complaints.

Let us know these ‘other factors’ and their play:

· Hereditary features – 15%
· Obesity – 12%
· Hormones and enzymes – 2%
· Mental tension, tending to be sensitively emotional, the social status – 8%
· Diabetes – 7%
· Lifestyle without many physical exercises – 6%
· Smoking and pollution/environmental hazards – 6%
· The gender, aging factor, some drugs and similar other factors – 5%

List of Foods  That a High Cholesterol Person should avoid 

Egg Yolk

Eggs are considered to be a healthy choice when taken within certain limits. Eggs are allowed to be taken as part of the healthy diet as long as they are not accompanied by dairy products and meat. It is better to avoid other cholesterol-rich foods for lunch when an egg was taken as breakfast. A single egg yolk has 210mg of cholesterol. So, avoid regular intake of egg yolk as well.

Cheese Burger

Eating lunch at a fast food restaurant is not advisable. Prior to ordering any cheeseburger, it is worthy of remembering the presence of 75mg of cholesterol in Big Mac and 175mg of cholesterol in classic double food item. So, it is better to order for a plain burger. Enjoying the tasty one rarely could be fine but, not regularly. About 123mg of cholesterol is found in 100gms of cheese and 21mg in one inch cube.

Liver

Liver in most of the meat consists of 564mg of cholesterol per 100gms of meat. As per the estimation made by the American Heart Association, three ounces of the cooked beef liver will have 331mg of cholesterol.

Butter

Butter is liked by many people in their food. Butter of 100gms consists of 215mg of cholesterol and one tablespoon of butter consists of 30mg of cholesterol. It is better to avoid taking butter regularly.

Shrimp

Shrimp of 100gms comprises of 195mg of cholesterol. A large single shrimp consists of 11mg of cholesterol and an ounce of shrimp consists of 55mg of cholesterol. Choosing the seafood that is boiled is better than the fried one as some of the seafoods are rich in cholesterol, while some do not.

Chicken

Chicken is generally considered as a low-fat option in meat. But, the way it is cooked does bring the difference. It is evaluated that one skinned chicken leg has more cholesterol than that is present in a burger or in a cup of ice cream. Chicken skin has high cholesterol.

Fast Foods

Egg or chip or cheese biscuit consists of 172mg of cholesterol per 100gms of the food. There is about 246mg of cholesterol in one cheese biscuit. The trans-fats present in the fast foods get transformed into high-cholesterol food. Trans-fats are formed due to the addition of hydrogen to the vegetable oils that are further used in commercial foods like cakes, fries, cookies and potato chips.

Processed Meats

The cholesterol content in the processed meat is based on the cut that is used and the added fat content at the time of processing. Lamb and duck meats are known to have a lot of cholesterol.

Ice Cream

A cup of ice cream will have more cholesterol than that is present in a hamburger. It has more cholesterol than it is in 10 glazed doughnuts. Trying fresh fruits for the dessert than the ice cream would be a wise option. Fruits are high in vitamins, minerals, fiber and low in calories. So, fruit option for dessert would help you lower the cholesterol.

However, the food habit is the highest constitutional factor with 25% in the cause of bad cholesterol. Thus, the wrong food habits are the main reason for bad cholesterol increase. After the food habit, the hereditary feature is the next most important constituent leading to this complaint.

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Now, what are the steps to avoid the bad cholesterol?

· Avoid high-cholesterol food items
· Make a serious attempt to reduce the quantity of intake of all high-fat food items
· Take additional quantities whole-grain foods, vegetables, and fruits.
· Just give up the smoking and drinking habits
· Make it a regular habit to take physical exercises st specified periods.
· Take care to maintain the body weight as recommended by the height.
· Take regular medical check-ups and strictly follow the medical advice
· It is of paramount importance to keep the blood pressure and the sugar level under control for the patients with these complaints.

So, if you take care and act accordingly, there is no fear about ‘bad cholesterol’.

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Traditional Methods Adopted to find Water level in your Plot/Property

Traditional Methods Adopted to find Water level in your Plot/Property

1) What is involved?

Searching for water located below the earth’s surface, in phreatic layers or aquifers, in order to pump it. This is done with the utmost care and precision, using appropriate techniques, in order to dig or drill wells in the best possible places and thereby avoid costly, discouraging failures.

2) Who use this means and since when?

Around 1250 BC, Moses searched for water in the Sinai desert using his divining rod, practicing an art known since early Antiquity. However, the modern techniques stem from the 20th century.
This method is mainly used in developing countries or other regions where water is rare and where irrigation is essential for crops. It is also used in developed countries but mainly for uses other than direct consumption (gardening, geothermal energy).

3) Why?


Given the growing and vital importance of water and soil resources around the world, as well as their scarcity, we need to do everything possible to improve the finding, management, and preservation of these essential and fragile resources.

Groundwater is usually good-quality water. As it is often buried at significant depths, it is highly advisable to locate it as precisely as possible and assess its quantity and quality before undertaking costly drilling work and thus avoid costly failures.

This water can be detected with more or less precision depending on the methods used, through the electromagnetic waves it emits.

4) Who is primarily concerned? Places or contexts in which this method seems most appropriate

This method primarily concerns underprivileged rural or peri-urban areas. In mountain areas, this method is difficult to implement due to the great depths involved.
It particularly concerns regions prone to severe droughts. Indeed, aquifers are natural underground reservoirs capable of supplying large quantities of drinking water during the dry season, when rivers are likely to dry up.

5) What does this process involve? How is it implemented?

In actual fact, it consists of different methods ranging from the most rudimentary – but nevertheless of interest for people or small communities with little means, such as dowsing – to the most sophisticated such as the prior analysis of satellite photos or proton magnetic resonance (PMR) investigations.
The purpose of this document is not to give detailed explanations of the mode of operation and use of the various techniques, as most of them are fairly costly and can only be used by specialists. Instead, it aims to explain the principle and main advantages and drawbacks of the techniques, so that the communities and people concerned can find out about their main characteristics and be able to contact specialized companies, having gained a better knowledge of the facts.

The search for groundwater sources must take account of technical (hydrogeological) criteria as well as socio-economic criteria (closeness to a village, cost of investigation). In actual fact, closeness to the beneficiaries often remains the prime criterion.

There are various methods for investigating phreatic layers. Traditionally, dowsing was the only way of searching for groundwater. Subsequently, more modern and scientific techniques were developed, significantly improving the success rate of water collection facilities.

a) Preliminary survey

It is highly advisable for phreatic layer investigators, especially if they are not from the region concerned, to carry out preliminary surveys in order to collect information which can give them precious data on the places where there is a likelihood of finding water.

Depending on the size of the expected source, this can consist of either :
– after a first look at the site and a meeting with the chiefs or heads of the villages, a survey with their population to find out where wells would have been dug or where springs would have been used, where the vegetation is greenest and remains green during the dry season, where trees and plants naturally grow best, where the existing water sources have the highest outflow in all seasons, where the termite mounds are located, if any, etc.
– or, at the same time, research into the region’s geological map, climatic data and all appropriate information which may be obtained from the local or regional authorities or other organisations or operators working in the region.

b) Dowsing

In numerous countries (including France), certain people have the ability to investigate and determine the presence of water on a site and detect water channels (veins, faults, and aquifers).

These “dowsers” are often people who have special abilities passed down by their predecessors or a village wise man or woman.

The principle consists in :


USE OF A FORKED TWIG BY A DOWSER IN
BURKINA FASO – PHOTO SOGREAH

– Choosing a forked or Y-shaped twig from a tree such as a mango tree or using metal rods
– Positioning the twig or rods between the fingers so as to amplify the sensations felt and seeing if they twitch and go down (or cross) at the expected place.
– Criss-crossing the area in order to determine the most promising areas.

There are different types of divining rods :

– The Y-shaped or V-shaped twig
– Metal rods
– Parallel rods
– The Hartmann lobe
– The Lecher antenna

When the dowser uses metal rods, he holds them parallel between his fingers. When he comes close to a place under which there is water, the rods get closer together and end up crossing over one another where a groundwater source is significant. This can be tested and proves successful with many people, but the findings are imprecise and do not indicate the size of the aquifer.
Moreover, this method doesn’t make it possible to detect small, relatively deep groundwater flows.

c) Modern methods

These methods make it possible to locate aquifers with more precision, and they are much more efficient in assessing their size, volume, quality and sustainability.

Topography

Analysing maps and local vegetation gives a first indication of the presence of water. In the case of large-scale investigations, a global geological analysis can even be carried out through the interpretation of satellite images or aerial photos. These can highlight the presence of the major geological outlines liable to give rise to fractures with an identifiable direction or outcrops.

Hydrogeophysics

Geophysical methods are now the main methods of investigation and detection of underground aquifers. The method is chosen mainly depends on the geological context.

Traditional geophysical methods


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With these methods, we strive to study the soil’s physical properties and in particular its electrical properties. The aquifers are most often trapped between rock layers. All rocks conduct a certain amount of electricity, but their conductivity and resistivity vary according to their type: compact rock, dry rock, fractured rock, wet rock, permeable structures or impermeable ones.
A material’s electrical resistivity is its capacity to oppose the flow of electric current.

These methods are thus based on the capacity of the soil or rock to conduct electricity and the measurement of their conductivity or resistivity (the opposite of conductivity).

From these measurements, the type, size, and quality of the aquifer is deduced and specified, or perhaps only presumed, but with a high probability.

There are two main types of methods, which are sometimes used successively :

a) The measurement of electrical resistivity using direct current.


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This is the most widely used method as it is suited to the greatest number of situations.
It consists in sending direct current into a geological structure on a given site (50 to 400 volts depending on its resistivity – conductivity) using two electrodes (A and B).

There are several possible electrode arrays (Wenner, Schlumberger, 4 terminals, etc.).

The area investigated must not be too large and must be relatively flat and free of buildings which may cause interference and would make it impossible to have AB lines of the required length (over 300m).

b) Methods for measuring this reactivity by magnetic means
Easier to implement, such as the Slingram and VLF methods, these methods measure electromagnetic signals due to magnetic induction phenomena. They don’t need any contact with the ground and thus no electrodes. They make it possible to measure the soil’s reactivity to electromagnetic excitation. However, they cannot be used on all types of grounds or for aquifers over 20 meters deep, or even less. Their use seems to have dwindled.


SEARCH FOR WATER USING THE MAGNETIC
RESONANCE METHOD IN TCHAD
PHOTO IRIS INSTRUMENT

Proton Magnetic Resonance (PMR)

This is a direct water detection method. It consists in sending electric currents into the ground, then measuring the signals emitted by the nuclei of hydrogen atoms in water molecules. It requires sophisticated equipment including proton magnetometers which can measure electromagnetic fields ; their recordings can be interpreted on site and, most importantly, the quantity of groundwater present in the rock can be deduced in a few seconds.

The isotope method

This method is mainly useful for tracing the water flow and to estimate the age of the groundwater. We know that the phreatic layer is renewed by the infiltration of water through the inflow area, where the aquifer’s geological structure is exposed to the surface. Investigations using the isotope method can often give useful indications.
If there are infiltrations, they can be detected and assessed by analyzing the variations in the isotope content of the damp soil above the phreatic layer. The most used isotopes are tritium, deuterium, oxygen 18 and carbon 14. The results have shown that this method is reliable and promising, in particular, if it is used with the physical models describing the water flow.

6) Remarks – Precautions to be taken

– Dowsers can never guarantee the presence of water, nor its depth, quantity or quality, as their approach is solely sensory. Moreover, it can be distorted by various factors (lack of concentration, the presence of an electric current). To optimize the investigation of aquifers, additional information and measurements are thus required.
– To avoid considerable risks, it is indispensable to call on the services of hydrogeophysics experts for major drilling work.
Indeed, it is essential to have highly sophisticated equipment and to know how to maintain it, and to have solid knowledge and experience.

7) Choice of the method according to the ground’s hydrogeological characteristics

The possibilities are summarised in the table below, taken from the AFD brochure and PS Eau, mentioned at the end of this document :

8) Main advantages and drawbacks

a) Advantages

These methods sometimes avoid serious or costly errors in groundwater investigation and save both time and money.

Preliminary on-site surveys and dowsing provide interesting indications at a very low cost when little means are available.


SEARCH FOR AN AQUIFER VIA A GEOPHYSICAL STUDY IN NAMOU
KOUNLOGUE, TOGO – PHOTO CARTAS TOGO

The methods based on electrical resistivity and conductivity are much more precise and offer great spatial measurement density, which will allow relatively detailed exploration. They make it possible to detect indirect signs of the presence of water.

The PMR method is an innovative, rapid method for the direct detection of the presence of water. Its use is expanding.

b) Drawbacks

Most of the time, operations based solely on a dowser’s findings do not bear fruit or the findings are too imprecise.

What’s more, the effectiveness of a type of operation is difficult to assess since situations are rarely comparable.

Moreover, the use of this equipment presents drawbacks : it only allows detection down to a certain depth and the indications may be distorted by the presence of electromagnetic signals or electric lines.

Modern hydrogeophysics techniques are costly. They can only be used for the set-up of large or numerous water extraction facilities for which large budgets are available.

9) Cost

Often, investigations for large aquifers in southern countries are financed through the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank. A preliminary survey must make it possible to assess the value of the information to be obtained (i.e. their usefulness and cost).

While the cost of a dowser is low (a few tens of euros), the cost of using modern methods is much higher and depends on the situations encountered and the methods used. It always amounts to several tens of thousands of euros.

Dowsers’ rates vary according to countries, the dowser’s experience, and travel expenses. For instance, the dowsers of Dapaong in Togo charge between €80 and €160 for their services.

The cost of machines which take hydrogeophysical measurements depends on the size of the machine, maintenance costs, and training costs. These costs are difficult to assess with precision as there is little information on the remuneration of aquifer investigation specialists, on the method(s) they use and on the type of area studied.

Other costs include the transportation of equipment to the sites and accommodation and meals for the team of technicians.
It is generally accepted that the search for a drilling site should not exceed 20% of the cost of the drilling operation itself.

10) Achievement examples


PMR INSTRUMENT – PHOTO IRIS INSTRUMENTS

In Chad, over 300,000 refugees from neighboring countries have settled in the east of the country, where water was already in very short supply.
In order to find new water resources, several NGOs including OXFAM and UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency) have been working in partnership with Iris Instruments, a French company which manufactures equipment and provides training.
The main method used has been that of magnetic resonance imaging: by sending electric currents into the ground, it makes it possible to detect hydrogen atoms and determine the quantity of water present in the rock, provided the water is less than 150 m deep, which was the case in Chad.
Several aquifers were thus found around Iriba.
A complete magnetic resonance kit weighs around 350 Kg and costs about €140,000.

vacancies of 3235 posts in different cadres to be filled …………

 

vacancies of 3235 posts in different cadres to be filled …………

During the year 2018, TNPSC (Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission) plans to fill up the vacancies of 3235 posts in different cadres. The yearly examination timetable was released by TNPSC yesterday (Friday, 5th January).

 
TNPSC is the recruiting authority to fill up the vacancies in various departments of the state government of Tamil Nadu.
TNPSC releases periodic announcements/advertisements regarding the various vacancies and conducts written examinations and interviews in the selection procedure.
With excellent planning, TNPSC has been releasing the Annual examination/recruitment timetable over the last 5 years. This timetable gives the details of the number of vacancies in the various departments and the recruitment and the dates of the written examinations for the same followed by the release of the examination results and the dates of the interviews.
This TNPSC Annual Planner is being released over the last 5 years.
This timetable is of great help to the candidates as it gives them the time for a good preparation.
TNPSC released the annual planner for 2018 yesterday. The annual planner can be seen on the TNPSC official website as well – www.tnpsc.gov.in.
As per the annual planner, recruitment for filling up 3235 vacancies will be conducted in 2018 – this would include the various cadres – Group-2 posts, Labour officer, Motor Vehicle Inspector, Assistant Horticultural officer, Fisheries analyst, and assistant analyst, government assistant advocates, museum curators, librarian, Physical Education Director, etc., in 23 cadres.
TNPSC has announced that the examination procedure and the syllabus details for the examinations will be uploaded on the website.
Generally, TNPSC annual planner used to carry the details of the type of examination, date of announcement for the same, date of release of results, and the interview dates will be available. However, this year only the details regarding the examination, its announcement, and the dates of the examinations are available. The dates of result,

Gold rate in chennai

The Different Karats of Gold rate in chennai 

Date Pure Gold (24 k) Standard Gold (22 K)
1 grm 8 grm 1 grm 8 grm
13/January/2018 3012.00 24096.00 2869.00 22952.00
12/January/2018 2992.00 23936.00 2850.00 22800.00
11/January/2018 2975.00 23800.00 2833.00 22664.00
10/January/2018 2967.00 23736.00 2826.00 22608.00
09/January/2018 2962.00 23696.00 2821.00 22568.00
08/January/2018 2955.00 23640.00 2814.00 22512.00
07/January/2018 2966.00 23728.00 2825.00 22600.00
06/January/2018 2966.00 23728.00 2825.00 22600.00
05/January/2018 2959.00 23672.00 2818.00 22544.00
04/January/2018 2946.00 23568.00 2806.00 22448.00

 

Karat is the term used to measure the gold  content or purity. Before we understand the difference between 24k, 22k and 18k gold, you must know what karat stands for. Karat is basically a unit used to measure the purity of gold rate in chennai. The higher the karatage, the purer the gold. Here’s a simple guide to understanding the difference between 24k, 22k and 18k gold rate in chennai. Register your Business for free
 
 
24k gold is also called pure gold or 100 per cent gold. This means that all 24 parts in the gold rate in chennai  are all pure gold without traces of any other metals. It is known to be 99.9 per cent pure and takes on a distinct bright yellow color. There is no higher form of gold than 24K and you must be aware of this before you go to a dealer who might tell you that they’re selling you 25K or 26K gold rate in chennai. Since this is the purest form of gold, it is naturally more expensive than 22K or 18K gold rate in chennai. However, this type of gold is lesser in density as compared to gold of a lower karatage which makes it soft and pliable. Hence, it is not suited for regular forms of jewellery. Coins and bars are mostly bought of 24K gold purity. 24K gold is also used in electronics and medical devices such as those used for children suffering from ear infections who are fitted with gold tympanostomy tubes that are known to improve aeration of the middle ear.
 
 
22K gold rate in chennai  jewellery implies that 22 parts of the jewellery amounts to gold and the balance 2 parts are some other metals. This kind of gold is commonly used in jewellery making. In 22K gold rate in chennai, of the 100 per cent, only 91.67 per cent is pure gold rate in chennai,The other 8.33 per cent comprises metals like silver, zinc, nickel and other alloys. It is this addition of metals that make the texture of gold harder thereby making the jewellery durable. However, you must know that although this can be used to make plain gold jewellery, 22K gold isn’t preferable for diamonds and heavily studded jewellery.
 
 
18K gold is 75 per cent gold mixed with 25 per cent of other metals like copper or silver etc. Usually studded jewellery and other diamond jewellery is made in 18K gold. This kind of gold is less expensive compared to 24K and 22K. This one has a slightly dull gold colour. Recognizing 18K jewellery is rather simple – you will see the item stamped with 18K, 18Kt, 18k or a variation similar to these. At times, 18K gold is marked by 750, 0.75 or a stamp similar to these in order to symbolise that the jewellery contains 75 per cent gold.
How is fineness calculated?
 
In the West the karat is expressed in fineness. For e.g. 24 k gold is expressed as 1000 parts out of 1000 pure or fineness 1.000. 22 k is expressed as 22 divided by 24, multiplied by 1000 which will give you a fineness of 0.9166, 21 karat is 21 divided by 24 multiplied by 1000 which is 0.875 fineness and similarly 18 karat is 0.750 fineness.
 
 
24 karat gold has the natural warm colour of pure gold and its colour cannot be changed without changing the purity to less than 24 k. Other colours of gold can be made by changing the composition of the alloy in the making of the jewellery.
 
Pink or Rose gold – Pink gold is made by adding more copper in the alloy composition of the gold
Green Gold – Gold is given a green colour by adding more of zinc and silver
White Gold – the white colour of gold is achieved by adding nickel or palladium
A surface colour can also be given to gold articles by electro-plating. However this can only be a surface finish and will be worn off over a period of time.
24 karat gold contains 24 parts pure gold. 22 karat gold contains 22 parts gold and 2 parts of other metals added as alloy. 21 karat gold contains 21 parts gold with three parts of other metals added. 18 karat gold contains 18 parts pure gold with 6 parts of other metals added. In the West the karat is expressed in fineness. For eg. 24 k gold is expressed as 1000 parts out of 1000 pure or fineness 1.000. 22 k is expressed as 22 divided by 24 , multiplied by 1000 which will give you a fineness of .9166, 21 karat is 21 divided by 24 multiplied by 1000 which is .875 fineness and similarly 18 karat is .750 fineness.  gold rate in chennai is determined by  daily market rate.
 
 
24 karat = 99.5% pure gold and above
22 karat = 91.7 % gold
18 karat = 75.0 % gold
14 karat = 58.3 % gold
12 karat = 50.0 % gold
10 karat = 41.7 % gold
 
 
A soft metal with a characteristic yellow colour. It is chemically unreactive, although it will dissolve in aqua regia (a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids).
 
Uses
Most mined gold is stored as bullion. It is also, however, used extensively in jewellery, either in its pure form or as an alloy. The term ‘carat’ indicates the amount of gold present in an alloy. 24-carat is pure gold, but it is very soft. 18- and 9-carat gold alloys are commonly used because they are more durable.
 
The metal is also used for coinage, and has been used as standard for monetary systems in some countries.
 
Gold can be beaten into very thin sheets (gold leaf) to be used in art, for decoration and as architectural ornament. Electroplating can be used to cover another metal with a very thin layer of gold. This is used in gears for watches, artificial limb joints, cheap jewellery and electrical connectors. It is ideal for protecting electrical copper components because it conducts electricity well and does not corrode (which would break the contact). Thin gold wires are used inside computer chips to produce circuits.
 
Dentists sometimes use gold alloys in fillings, and a gold compound is used to treat some cases of arthritis.
 
Gold nanoparticles are increasingly being used as industrial catalysts. Vinyl acetate, which is used to make PVA (for glue, paint and resin), is made using a gold catalyst.
 
Gold has no known biological role, and is non-toxic.
Natural abundance
Gold is one of the few elements to occur in a natural state. It is found in veins and alluvial deposits. About 1500 tonnes of gold are mined each year. About two-thirds of this comes from South Africa and most of the rest from Russia.
 
Seawater contains about 4 grams of gold in 1,000,000 tonnes of water. Overall this is a huge amount of gold stored in the oceans but, because the concentration is so low, attempts to reclaim this gold have always failed.
 
History of gold rate in chennai

Gold has been known since prehistoric times and was one of the first metals to be worked, mainly because it was to be found as nuggets or as particles in the beds of streams. Such was the demand that by 2000 BC the Egyptians began mining gold. The death mask of Tutankhamen, who died in 1323 BC, contained 100 kg of the metal. The royal graves of ancient Ur (modern Iraq), which flourished from 3800 to 2000 BC, also contained gold objects.

 
The minting of gold coins began around 640 BC in the Kingdom of Lydia (situated in what is now modern Turkey) using electrum, a native alloy of gold and silver. The first pure gold coins were minted in the reign of King Croesus, who ruled from 561–547 BC
 

Why and when to hold gold bullion?

Gold Bullion Bar
 
“Gold is the proven, quality, long-term wealth store during a slide into deep crisis – the one which everyone else comes to in a bit of a panic.
 
Even if, to begin with, the early buyers are buying gold purely to protect their wealth they still tend to multiply their money, because they are subconsciously anticipating future demand. The best investments do this.”
 
Gold’s Greatest Use
People always ask ‘But what’s the use of gold?’ which encourages some experts to pretend gold is vital for dentistry and electronics. It isn’t. The fact is that gold is hardly useful at all in industry, but that certainly does not mean it is not useful at all.
 
So let’s explain clearly why gold has repeatedly become one of the most fundamentally useful things there is in human society, and to do that let’s first recognize its main quality – its reliably rare supply.
 
How Much Gold Is There?
Even with modern technology gold is still incredibly difficult to find.
 
In total about 160,000 tonnes of gold have been taken out of the Earth.
 
A 205000 tonne Gold Cube
That 160,000 tonnes is less than you might think. Formed into a single gold cube it wouldn’t quite cover a tennis court. In fact it would be 2 metres short. But that’s all the gold in the world.
 
Gold is being mined at about 2,600 tonnes a year, so the above ground supply is expanding at 1.6% per annum. This newly mined supply means the world’s cube of gold – currently 20.2 metres across – is growing by just 11 cm per year.
 
All the world’s gold will cover a tennis court when the above ground stock is 205,000 tonnes. This will be some time around 2025.
 
205,000 tonnes is approximately the sum of the current above ground stocks (approximately 160,000 tonnes) plus the aggregate un-mined known reserves of all the world’s gold mining companies (approximately 50,000 tonnes).
 
That’s all the world’s gold – both above ground, and known about but still underground.
 
Gold is not consumed in any meaningful sense. A tiny amount finds some use as false teeth because of its inertness, and some is used in electronics because of its non-corrosive nature and excellent conductivity.
But currently well over 95% of the world’s gold is held as a wealth store – either in bullion vaults or as jewelry, which is generally considered a private monetary reserve (particularly in India, the world’s biggest gold customer).
 
This stock of gold isn’t disappearing, and its supply is growing at a very slow rate (1.6% pa) compared to its overall stock. This feature of a nearly fixed above ground quantity, growing slowly, has been true for about 4,000 years.
 
So you can now see that there exists a large, but not too large, and almost fixed quantity of gold in the world, almost all of which is held by its owners as a tangible store of wealth. That is something which is true of nothing else.
 
By contrast to gold’s restricted supply our money systems are currently expanding out of control. Modern loose monetary policies – designed to keep the factories busy – are expanding the supply of currency, under political direction, by at least 11% per annum; and that’s for the Euro, the most hawkishly managed of the modern world’s major currencies.
 
In such circumstances gold’s reliable rarity is again noticed by savers. Its great use is as a money proxy when artificial forms of money (which are far more common) are not being properly restricted in supply. In such times gold’s unexpandable supply causes it to be a much more reliable store of purchasing power than currency. Nothing does this job so reliably and so well as gold, because nothing matches the unimpeachable rarity and stability of gold’s above ground supply.
Better still, as people come to remember and appreciate this unique quality their demand for gold causes not just a retention of purchasing power, but a multiplication of it.
 
Gold rate in chennai  – A Tool of Trade
 
Here’s a 2,000 year old Roman explanation of a vital tool of trade.
 
“The origin of buying and selling began with exchange.
 
Anciently money was unknown, and there existed no terms by which merchandise could be precisely valued. Every one, according to the wants of the time and circumstances, exchanged things useless to him, against things which were useful; for it commonly happens that one is in need of what another has in excess.
 
But it seldom coincided in time that what one possessed the other wanted, or vice versa. So a device was chosen whose value remedied by its homogeneity the difficulties of barter.”
 
Trade is right at the heart of human society, and it creates the need for this ‘device’ to store value for later exchange. The device needs homogeneity – constancy of form and quantity – which most governments attempt to deliver with paper money, and they are successful most of the time.
 
But when the going gets tough governments bend their own rules. They start to issue more and more money, and then nothing exists which matches the homogeneity of gold.
 
The Romans joined a long list of civilisations which chose gold as a reliable, apolitical, monetary medium. Before them there were the great classical civilisations of the Greeks, Persians, Ionians, and the Egyptians. After them there were many more, through the Spanish, French, Ottoman, British and American empires, all of them with gold based monetary systems.
 
But every single one of those gold based currencies eventually failed – the gold stopped circulating as the money of normal transactions, as currency. So it’s best to avoid the misunderstanding of history which leads so-called “gold bugs” to regard gold as the world’s only true and permanent money, because the hard historical fact is that it has been tested – often – and it both disappears and re-appears, depending on the prevailing economic circumstances.
 
Yet what is different about gold and other forms of money is the way they disappear, and why. Because its natural qualities recommend it as a high quality form of money gold suffers from Gresham’s Law, a common sense law in economics which states that “bad money drives good money out of circulation”.
 
Think about it for a moment and you’ll see that given a choice of spending good money (gold) or bad money (inflating paper) you’d spend the paper and keep the gold as a store of value. So in an economy where economic and political considerations have combined to produce a paper currency running in parallel with gold, and where that currency is showing the early signs of being dangerously expanded in supply, then people will elect to hold on to gold and spend paper. Magnified millions of times by everyday transactions in a typical economy this eventually stops gold circulating as money.
 
For much the same reasons when their time is up paper currencies will pour into circulation as people look to buy hard assets, until eventually the best value you will get from the banknote is to use it as heating fuel.
 
This is the key difference. While paper money forms disappear permanently, and lose all their value, gold disappears temporarily, and retains its value over the very long term.
 
Every few years, and when circumstances are right, gold returns. It has a history of doing so which has lasted those 4,000 years.
 
The trick with gold is to understand the causes for these rolling phases, to recognise them, and to act appropriately. If you own gold at the right time you will own a fast appreciating asset when normal business assets, and money itself, are tumbling in value.
 
Owning gold in good phase is very profitable. In the 5 years after the 1929 crash gold’s investment purchasing power rose 17 times.
 
In the decade of the 1970s gold’s investment purchasing power rose 15 times.
 
So far in gold’s current re-emergence, with the economic situation looking every bit as as hostile as the 30s and the 70s, gold’s price has multiplied by about 3 times. By comparison with those previous cycles it is still nearer the bottom than the top.
 
And Gold Can Destroy It Too
But don’t forget gold lost nearly seven eighths of its investment purchasing power between 1980 and 2000. That was during the best period for growing businesses in the twentieth century.
 
That price slide shows that smart investors should not grow too fond of their gold! Even though it’s currently pretty grim the time will come when the outlook for business has improved, and most people either will not have realised it, or will still be too nervous to do anything about it.
 
Then it will be smart to sell your gold, and use its purchasing power to invest in people and businesses, and to participate once again in the dynamic creation of wealth.
 
The people who manage to do this will be the smartest of all gold buyers. They are not hoarding gold for its own sake. They are positioning themselves to be able to invest actively in a recovery which is a long way off. By doing this they will be both profiting themselves and serving their communities at the same time. Capital which has not been adequately protected right now will simply not be there to invest in the business opportunities of the future.

The rapid pace of technological innovation has put many industries at risk of disruption. Financial technology has received particular attention, as it has the potential to eliminate certain types of financial intermediary, simplify services and reduce costs. Indeed, consumers armed with smartphones increasingly demand financial services that are innovative, offer a slick user experience and are priced transparently.

 
 
In this fast-changing environment, it is worth questioning whether such trends will affect gold demand and the way gold is accessed and traded by investors.
 
The World Gold Council believes that technology is an important enabler in the democratisation of gold ownership, making gold accessible to new segments of investors and consumers. Historically, investing in gold could be difficult and complex, particularly with respect to safe storage. Innovation has led to the emergence of new gold product categories, such as ETFs and a new breed of online-only vaulted gold providers. These product innovations, now readily accessible by mobile phone, have made investing in gold a simpler and more cost-effective experience.
 
 
While technological progress will undoubtedly improve access to gold, it is perhaps less clear whether these developments also introduce risks for gold. Will gold lose its relevance, for example, in an increasingly digital world?
 
We don’t believe that it will. Gold’s enduring history and unique properties are arguably more, not less, important in an environment where the pace of change is accelerating and we consume ever more ‘virtual’ products and services.
 
We don’t discount the potential of cryptocurrencies, such as BitCoin and ethereum, for certain applications, but they are a long way from establishing themselves as alternatives to gold. The vast size of the gold market and gold’s diverse sources of demand provide it with unique characteristics as an alternative asset class. Moreover, the technical innovations that underpin cryptocurrencies are already helping to reduce costs and friction in the gold market.
 
 
A specific technology that gold market participants are likely to hear more about is blockchain or distributed ledger technology. For gold investors, blockchain could enable product providers to offer a more transparent and secure record of pseudo-anonymised transactions to their customers and help enable services such as gold-backed payments.
 
Blockchain may also be able to augment or replace the post-trade settlement infrastructure that underpins the wholesale markets for gold. Several companies are exploring opportunities in this space, hoping to eliminate settlement risks as well as introducing greater operational efficiency to the trade lifecycle. Even more boldly, blockchain could be one of several technologies that could transform the gold supply chain, helping to track gold across every stage of production from ‘mine to vault’. Establishing tamper-proof gold provenance would make the gold market more transparent and efficient and help stamp out illegal practices such as the smuggling of gold from conflict areas.
 
Overall, the World Gold Council believes that modern technology holds great promise for gold. In this edition of Gold Investor, we include views from several market participants about the impact of FinTech on gold, ranging from gold-linked financial services to Chinese mobile apps to gold and blockchain. Many new products and services are emerging – and we include just a few of the more prominent examples – but, across the industry, it would seem that gold market participants view technology as an opportunity for gold, rather than a thr

Kapaleeswarar temple in chennai

Moolavar : Kapaleeswarar
Amman / Thayar : Karpakambica
Thala Virutcham : Kapali, Kadavul, Veda, Vali, Ganga, Velli and Rama theerthams.
Old year : 1000-2000 years old
Place : Mylapore
District : Chennai
State : Tamil Nadu
Kapaleeswarar Temple: Kapaleeswarar Koil is situated in Mylapore, Chennai very close to Sea. Temple one of the oldest. First built many centuries before the Christ. It was first built on the sea shore, Portuguese when captured Mylapore in 1566 AD demolished the temple Great people like Tiruvalluvar and Peyalwar lived Mylapore. Mylapore was a seaport and a trade centre is supposedly more than 200 years old.
Centuries later the temple was built in the present place in Vijaya Nagar tradition indicates the present structure could have been built by king of Vijaya nagram. The temple is famous for its sculptures. As per Hindu mythology, Parvathi the consort of Shiva performance penance and worshipped Kapaleeswarar in the form of Peacock [Mayil in Tamil] and hence the name of the place Mylapore. Kapaleeswarer is the presiding deity. The name is because it is said Shiva with the bowl of skull [Kapalam] during the time of creation of present ‘Yuga’ Hence the name Kapaleeswarar. The Amman here is Karpagambal, the name synonymous with the name of the holy tree ‘KARPAGAM’ in heaven as the deity is believed to bless people with whatever they for.
There is a large tank on the western side of the temple. Bramhamotsvam or ‘Arupathumoovar’ Festival during April May and , Theppa Thiruviza Float Festival in January, Navaratri Festival in September /October and Vasanta Utsavam in May/June are major attractions.
S.No
Pooja Details
Timings
1.
Ko pooja
05.30 A.M
2.
Vaikarai Pooja
06.00 A.M
3.
Kaala sandhi Pooja
08.00 A.M
4.
Uchi Kaala Pooja
12.00 P.M
5.
Evening Pooja
5.00 P.M
6.
Kaala Pooja(2)
6.30 P.M
7.
Ardhajama Pooja
09.00 P.M
Location : Mylapore is in the heart of Chennai city and is linked with local trains and bus facilities.
Near By Railway Station : Chennai Central, Egmore
Near By Airport : Chennai

Kapaleeswarar Temple in chennai

Kapaleeswarar Temple in chennai
Moolavar : Kapaleeswarar
Amman / Thayar : Karpakambica
Thala Virutcham : Kapali, Kadavul, Veda, Vali, Ganga, Velli and Rama theerthams.
Old year : 1000-2000 years old
Place : Mylapore
District : Chennai
State : Tamil Nadu
Kapaleeswarar Temple: Kapaleeswarar Koil is situated in Mylapore, Chennai very close to Sea. Temple one of the oldest. First built many centuries before the Christ. It was first built on the sea shore, Portuguese when captured Mylapore in 1566 AD demolished the temple Great people like Tiruvalluvar and Peyalwar lived Mylapore. Mylapore was a seaport and a trade centre is supposedly more than 200 years old.
Centuries later the temple was built in the present place in Vijaya Nagar tradition indicates the present structure could have been built by king of Vijaya nagram. The temple is famous for its sculptures. As per Hindu mythology, Parvathi the consort of Shiva performance penance and worshipped Kapaleeswarar in the form of Peacock [Mayil in Tamil] and hence the name of the place Mylapore. Kapaleeswarer is the presiding deity. The name is because it is said Shiva with the bowl of skull [Kapalam] during the time of creation of present ‘Yuga’ Hence the name Kapaleeswarar. The Amman here is Karpagambal, the name synonymous with the name of the holy tree ‘KARPAGAM’ in heaven as the deity is believed to bless people with whatever they for.
There is a large tank on the western side of the temple. Bramhamotsvam or ‘Arupathumoovar’ Festival during April May and , Theppa Thiruviza Float Festival in January, Navaratri Festival in September /October and Vasanta Utsavam in May/June are major attractions.
S.No
Pooja Details
Timings
1.
Ko pooja
05.30 A.M
2.
Vaikarai Pooja
06.00 A.M
3.
Kaala sandhi Pooja
08.00 A.M
4.
Uchi Kaala Pooja
12.00 P.M
5.
Evening Pooja
5.00 P.M
6.
Kaala Pooja(2)
6.30 P.M
7.
Ardhajama Pooja
09.00 P.M
Location : Mylapore is in the heart of Chennai city and is linked with local trains and bus facilities.
Near By Railway Station : Chennai Central, Egmore
Near By Airport : Chennai

Kundrathur Murugan Temple in chennai

Moolavar : Sri Sivasubramaniya Swami
Thala Virutcham : Vilwa
Theertham : Sravana Poigai
Agamam/Pooja : Shivagama
Old year : 500-1000 years old
Place : Kundrathur
District : Kancheepuram
State : Tamil Nadu
Sri Subramaniya Swami Temple : The Kundrathur Murugan Temple is a famous temple situated on top of a hillock dedicated to Lord Murugan. This is the only Murugan temple in Tamil Nadu where the God is standing in a north facing direction. This temple was constructed by King Kulothunga Chola – II. The speciality of this temple is that Lord Subramaniar can be seen only with one Goddess at a time even though he is there along with both the Goddesses. The karthigai deepam festival celebration is famous here.
Tamil Poet Sekkizhar was born here and his birthplace was made into a Temple. He was the chief minister of Kulothuga Chozha II alias Anabaya. He withdrew from the ministry and wrote Periapuranam. His young brother Palaravayar dug a water tank near his residence, which is now called ‘’Palaravayar Kulam’’.
Daily Poojas at Temple
Darshan Timings :
Morning – 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.
Evening – 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Details Of Pooja Timing
S.No
Pooja Details
Timings
1.
Suprabadham
6.30 a.m.
2.
Deeparadhana
7.00 a.m
3.
Uchikalam(Noon Pooja)
12.30a.m.
4.
Deeparadhana (Evening)
6.00 p.m
5.
Temple Closes
8.00p.m
Location : Kundrathur is 16 km far from Tambaram and 8 km from Pallavaram.
Near By Railway Station : Pallavaram
Near By Airport : Chennai

Sri Vadapalani Andavar Temple in chennai

Moolavar : Vadapalani Andavar
Amman / Thayar : Valli, Theivanai
Thala Virutcham :Athi tree
Theertham : The tank in the temple – Tirukulam
Agamam / Pooja : Sivagamam
Old year : 500 years old
Place : Vadapalani
City : Chennai
State : Tamil Nadu
Sri Vadapalani Andavar Temple : Vadapalani Andavar Temple is located in Vadapalani, Chennai. The temple is dedicated to Lord Muruga. The temple was renovated in 1920s and a Rajakopuram was built during that time. The temple has grown in popularity believed in part due to the patronage of cinema stars
Built about 125 years back, this much-hallowed and regularly frequented Lord Muruga sannidhi has emerged from a thatched shed, an unostentatious one enshrining a Murugan picture only, and established for itself a name on par with ancient places of worship. Around 7,000 couples are married here each year.
According to the sthalapurana, one Muruga devotee by name Annaswami Nayakar with his limited means built a small thatched hut and kept a Murugan painting for his personal worship primarily. During his meditation and worship, he used to experience some divine power entering his body and inspiring him to utter some mysterious things.whatever he said in his trance was found true. His utterance went by the name of ‘arulvakku’ (‘God blessed statements’) and relieved people in several ways, like curing diseases and getting jobs, solemnising marriages, etc.
There are very many sannidhis in the vast courtyards of the temple, like Varasiddhi Vinayaka, Chokkanathar, Meenakshi Amman, Kali, Bhairava, Shanmuga with Valli and Devasena.
The moolavar in standing posture resembles the Palani Muruga in every respect. In the inner prakara, there are many niches housing Dakshina Murti, Chandikeswar, Mahalakshmi, et al. It has a spacious hall used for conducting marriages and religious discourses. It is one of the most-frequented Murugan shrines in the city of Chennai.
The entrance to this temple is crowned with a rajagopuram adorned with several stucco images depicting legends from the Skanda puranam. In front of the temple is the temple tank. The eastern tower rises to a height of 40.8 metres. The 108 bharata natyam dance gestures can be seen on the eastern tower as well.
Daily Poojas at Temple
Darshan Timings :
Morning – 6.00 A.M. to 12.00 Noon.
Evening – 4.00 P.M. to 9.00 P.M.
Details Of Pooja Timing
S.No
Pooja Details
Timings
1.
Palliyarai
5.30 A.M
2.
Kala Shanthi Pooja
6.30 A.M
3.
Uchi Kaala (Afternoon) Pooja
12.00 P.M
4.
Sayaraksha (Evening) Pooja
5.00 P.M
5.
Arthajama Pooja
9.00 P.M
Location : The temple is in the heart of Chennai city with transport facilities from all corners.
Near By Railway Station : Chennai Central, Egmore
Near By Airport : Chennai
Accomodation :

Anjaneya Swami Temple in chennai

Anjaneya Swami Temple in chennai

Anjaneya Swami Temple – Nanganallur : Nanganallur – the satellite town to the city of Chennai, formerly Madras, located about 10 Km from the city and 5 Km from the Airport, is now known as the town housing the 32 feet Viswaroopa Adhivyadhihara Sri Bhaktha Anjaneya Swamy. This temple is known for bestowing better health to the devotees. The idol is believed to have special power and is considered a healer. The Temple has indeed become a landmark and no tourist bus in that route skips the Temple. The Temple is accessible by road and by suburban trains stopping at Pazhavanthangal Railway station.

The main Temple building has path-ways all around the sanctum sanctorum and also a large covered space (Mandapam) for devotees to assemble in front of the Lord for offering worship.
On the North-West corner, a full-fledged Sannidhi for Sri Rama has been built and here He has taken abode with Seetha and Lakshmana with Anjaneya in attendance. The Gods are facing East. Rama’s role as the protector and ruler is signified here as Rama is seen carrying his bow, hence the name “Kothanda Rama” for the Lord here.
Lord Rama : On the South-West, a Sannidhi for Lord Krishna with Rukmani and Satya Bhama, all facing East has been built and a “thulam” (weighing balance) has been erected for offering “thulabaram” (offering made in different materials equalent to the weight of the devotee).
Lord Krishna : Eventhough a Sannidhi for Lord Rama is normally built in Anjaneya temple, rarely a Sannidhi for Lord Krishna is built. Here in our Temple, Krishna Sannidhi is built to remind the devotees that among the Gods it was only Anjaneya who was present in both the indian epics. In Ramayana, as a direct disciple of Rama and in Mahabaratha, in the flag of Arjuna’s Chariot as ordained by Lord Krishna to save it from destruction by the opponents.
In the North-East part of the Temple, on a small platform, “Vinayaka” is housed facing East and to his left on a yet another platform ‘Naga’ has been installed.
Lord Krishna : Moving towards the southern side of the outer Praharam facing West, Saint Raghavendra has taken His abode facing Lord Krishna.
On the Eastern side to the temple, a large building houses the Madapalli (kitchen) and the administrative wings, with facilities for offering Annadhanam. To the North-West of this building, a shed houses cows and calves to provide milk for daily Sevas to the Lord
Daily Poojas at Temple
Temple Timing :
Morning – 5.00am to 12.00pm
Evening – 4.30pm to 9.00pm
S.No
Name of Plan / Programme
Details
1.
Vedapatasala
Vedas are the very essence of the Hindu way of life. The vedas, handed down from generation to generation, are to be preserved in their pristine form calls for an innovative approach. It is proposed to set up a special school for Vedaparayana under Learned Gurus with the students assured of a decent livelihood. Modern electronic instruments to render Vedas for the benefit of the students will be used to ensure correct pronunciation and intonation.
2.
Permanent Ghosala
The Hindu faith is that cow is the sacred embodiment of spiritual force for evolution. In tune with this belief, a large Ghoparipalanasala is being planned to provide succour to non-milch cows and to house milch cows for meeting the milk needs of the Temple.
3.
Gnanavapi
With constraint on space, performing the religious rituals for the departed souls is becoming difficult. Also Purohits are not readily available to undertake this task. This project aims to remove this deficiency. Hinduism believe in the indestructibility of the soul. Therefore to do one’s mite in furtherance of this faith is essential.
4.
Annadhanam Corpus
Annadhanam is regarded as the best among all dhanams. Perhaps it is only in hunger the essential unity of human needs is sharply felt. Further, Annadhanam helps to maintain the body and soul together for the soul to evolve. What better contribution can one make to satiate hunger?.

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Architects whith good achivements in chennai

 

Valiant Architects

Description: Architectural Design, Interior Design, Landscape Design, Facade Design,Address: 13/2, 2nd Main Road,Jai NagarArumbakkam,Chennai – 600 106

Landline Number(s): 044-4355 6360

Web Site URL: http://www.ValiantArchitects.net

Vassthu Creations

Address: AP-494, 17th Street,J Block, Vaigai Colony,Anna Nagar West,Chennai – 600 040

Landline Number(s): 044-4553 6285

Web Site URL: http://www.VassthuCreations.in

 

Vishwannath Associates

Description: Architecture, Interior Design, Master Planning, Landscape Architecture, Water and Public Health Management, Structural Engineering, Green Building Concepts/Teri Griha, Cost Planning and Control, Electrical Design, Mechanical Design and Energy, HVAC.

Address: A-5, Mahadevan Apartments,305, T T K Road,Alwarpet,Chennai – 600 018

Landline Number(s): 044-4208 8254

Web Site URL: http://www.VishwanathAssociates.com

Vivek & Associates

 

Address: 2-D, Cenotaph Garden’4/28, Cenotaph 1st Street,Teynampet,Chennai – 600 018

Landline Number(s): 044-2434 8405

044-2434 6132

Web Site URL: http://www.VivekAndAssociates.com

Vybogam Architects & Planners P Ltd

Locality: Royapettah

Landline Number(s): 044-6587 0656

044-2811 4765

Fax Number: 044-2811 7099

vyomSaroop

Description: A Chennai-Based Firm that provides Architectural, Interior and Planning Design Consultancy Services for different shades of Spatial Expressions from Residences to Resorts, from Hospitality to Health care Facilities, from Institutions to Industries.

Address: 1, Rams Gayathri Apartment,3 (Old No 38), 12th Avenue,Ashok Nagar,Chennai – 600 083

Mobile Number: 98413 02368

Web Site URL: http://www.vyomSaroop.com

 

Yura Architects

Address: 55/56, Akshaya Plaza

Harris Road,Egmore,Chennai – 600 002,Landline Number(s): 044-2854 6023

Web Site URL: http://www.YuraArchitects.com

 

well known architects in chennai

T S O Design Commune P Ltd

Description: We are a registered architectural consultancy firm, providing the best architectural and design solutions in the market.

Address: 16 (Old No 42), South West Boag Road,T Nagar,Chennai – 600 017,

Landline Number(s): 044-4212 9252

Web Site URL: http://www.TSODC.com

T G Architects & Construction

Description: Our Architectural Design and Construction Team caters to the complete needs of a client, starting from Document verification, Architectural Design until Construction & Site Supervision.

Address: 11/132, Thinagaran Salai,P M D Nagar

Kovilambakkam,Chennai – 600 129

Mobile Number: 98406 19999

Web Site URL: http://www.TGGroups.in

Taamaesek Engineering Consortium

Address: 5, Bishop Wallers Avenue West

Off T T K Salai,Mylapore,Chennai – 600 004

Landline Number(s): 044-2467 1139,044-2467 1157

Fax Number: 044-2467 2237

Web Site URL: http://www.Taamaesek.com

The Madras Design Works

 

Address: 7-D, Abbotsbury Block II

42/74, C P Ramaswamy Road

Alwarpet

Chennai – 600 018

Landline Number(s): 044-2498 7132

Fax Number: 044-2499 4632

Web Site URL: http://www.MDW.co.in

The Tetris

 

Address: 43-C, 2nd Avenue,Anna Nagar

Chennai – 600 040,(Next to Hot Chips)

Landline Number(s): 044-6456 4636

Mobile Number: 97860 97222

 

Thinaguru Architects

Address: 11/132, Thinagaran Salai

Kovilambakkam

Chennai – 600 117

Landline Number(s): 044-4380 0010

Mobile Number: 98406 19999

Threshold Architects

Address: 5, 8th Lane,Indira Nagar,Adyar

Chennai – 600 020

Landline Number(s): 044-2443 0554

044-4211 5680

Fax Number: 044-4211 5681

Web Site URL: http://www.ThresholdArchitects.com

Transform Design

 

Address: 42 (Old No 104), Dr. Ranga Road

Mylapore,Chennai – 600 004

Landline Number(s): 044-2499 7165

044-2467 1493

Fax Number: 044-2498 7559

Web Site URL: http://www.TransformDesign.net

 

Established Architects in chennai

Sahana’s Creations P Ltd

 

Address: 7, Muralidharan Street,Ayyavoo Naidu Colony,Aminjikarai,Chennai – 600 029

Landline Number(s): 044-6536 1760

044-4306 3957,Fax Number: 044-4306 3957

Web Site URL: http://www.SahanasCreations.com

 

Sanskriti Consultants

 

Address: 1/5, Yadava 1st Cross Street

Virugambakkam,Chennai – 600 092

Landline Number(s): 044-2314 1418

Mobile Number: 90949 14337

Web Site URL: http://www.SanskritiConsultant.com

Saran Architects

Address: 37, Veerabadran Street

Nungambakkam,Chennai – 600 034

(Near Valluvar Kottam),Landline Number(s): 044-2831 2296

044-4211 9951,044-4212 4438

Mobile Number: 98404 75000

Web Site URL: http://www.SaranArchitects.com

 

 

Sarks

 

Address: 68/37, Mahadevan Street

West Mambalam,Chennai – 600 033

Landline Number(s): 044-4212 1426

Web Site URL: http://www.Sarks.in

Shilpa Architects Planners Designers

Description: We are an international architecture, design, planning and interior firm and currently operates offices in Chennai, Bangalore and Mumbai, in India and in New York & Chicago in the United States

Address: 4, 2nd Crescent Park Road

Gandhi Nagar,Adyar,Chennai – 600 020

(Near Gandhi Nagar Club),Landline Number(s): 044-2441 2508,044-2441 9387

Fax Number: 044-2441 6622

Web Site URL: http://www.ShilpaArchitects.com

SmarrtEdges 3D Scale Models

Description: We are doing miniature models as well as architectural models for past 16 years. We also doing government projects, factory models, interior models, amusement park models and student thesis projects.

Address: 1, Thirugnanasambandar Street

Srinivasa Nagar,Madipakkam,Chennai – 600 091

(Near Velachery MRTS Station)

Mobile Number: 93452 01814

Web Site URL: http://www.SmarrtEdges.WebNode.com

Space Inn Place Architecture Consultancy

Description: We are specialized in Residence planning & Apartment designs. Our consultancy is well known for creative elevations, Vaasthu, climatic–friendly designs, green architecture & Parametric designs. We are placed at Tambaram & Anna Nagar.

Address: 3, N D Building,Tambaram West

Chennai – 600 045,Mobile Number: 98847 22837

Web Site URL: http://www.SIPArchitects.co.in

 

Space Studio

Description: A boutique Architectural and interior design studio based in Chennai with associate offices in Bangalore, Mumbai, Tanjore, and international associates in Australia.

Landline Number(s): 044-4210 6687

Web Site URL: http://www.SpaceStudioChennai.com

 

Srikars

Category: Architects

Description: Architects, Engineering Consultants, Infrastructure Consultants, Project Management Consultants

Address: 64, Sriman Srinivasa Cross Street

Venus Colony,Alwarpet,Chennai – 600 018

Landline Number(s): 044-2431 1117

044-2431 1118

044-2435 8231

Web Site URL: http://www.Srikars.in

Srishti Design Studio

Category: Architects

Description: We are a leading architecture & interior design firm in Chennai offering fresh designs time and again. Our quality and dedication will reflect in the design. We are here to give birth to your designs. We keep track of trending developments in the field.

Address: AL-183, 1st Street,11th Main Road

Anna Nagar,Chennai – 600 040

Landline Number(s): 044-4354 2095

Web Site URL: http://www.SrishtiStudio.com

 

Studio 7 Consultants

Category: Architects

Description: An Architecture Consultancy Firm offering a wide range of services to owners, promoters, investors and the government with a focused & committed path.

Address: 141, Rajiv Gandhi Salai,Kottivakkam

Chennai – 600 041

New Entry Studio Hibiscus

Description: With over 7 years of experience in the field of Architecture, Interior Design, Interior Decoration, Vasthu Consultation, Redesign and Constructions, Studio Hibiscus brings a unique blend of expertise for its valued customers.

Address: 131, Ashok Nandavanam

Noombal,Chennai – 600 077

(Near Oil Mill Road),Mobile Number: 95665 54644

Make an Online Enquiry

Mobile Number: 99406 69947

Web Site URL: http://www.Studio7Consultants.com

Sun Associated

Category: Architects

Description: Architectural, planning & engineering consultation on IT Parks, Multi-storied apartments, industrial projects, etc.

Address: 23, Balaram Road,Adyar

Chennai – 600 020,Landline Number(s): 044-4211 7240,Mobile Number: 98841 89541

 

1

well Educated Architects in chennai

Quadra Architects P Ltd

Description: Architecture, Interior Design, Urban Planning, Project Management.

Address: 30/1, V O C 1st Cross Street,Kodambakkam

Chennai – 600 024,Landline Number(s): 044-6565 1565

044-6565 1566.,Fax Number: 044-4557 6015

Web Site URL: http://www.QuadraArchitects.co.in

R K Associate

Locality: Anna Salai,Landline Number(s): 044-2435 9849

 

 

Raffi Associates

Description: Architecture, Structural Design, Interior Design, Project Management and Landscape Design Services.

Locality: Anna Nagar East

Landline Number(s): 044-2626 6676

 

Rajendran Associates

Category: Architects

Description: Rajendran Associates an established Architectural firm, providing a comprehensive range of services that include Planning, Architectural Design, Engineering and Building Services Design, Interior Design and Construction Management.

Locality: Saidapet,Landline Number(s): 044-6528 0696

Address: 105 (Old No 43), 4th Main Road

Gandhi Nagar

Adyar

Chennai – 600 020,Landline Number(s): 044-2443 0326

Web Site URL: http://www.RajendranAssociates.com

Raju Architects

Category: Architects,Locality: Saidapet

Landline Number(s): 044-6528 0696

 

Rayan Ibrahim Architects P Ltd

Category: Architects

Description: Master Planning, Architectural Design, Interior Design, Project Management, Landscaping, Structural Consultancy.

Address: “Raheja Towers”,177, Anna Salai

Chennai – 600 002,Landline Number(s): 044-4305 1030

Fax Number: 044-4305 1050

Web Site URL: http://www.RayanArchitects.com

 

Rohini Shanker Associates

Description: Designer, Landscape, Architecture

Address: 16, 2nd Avenue,Harrington Road

Chetpet,Chennai – 600 031

Landline Number(s): 044-2836 5078

Fax Number: 044-2836 2970

Web Site URL: http://www.RohiniShankerDesigns.com

 

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Experianced Architects in chennai

P Ravi Architects P Ltd

 

Address: 40/16, Venkataraman Street,T Nagar

Chennai – 600 017

Landline Number(s): 044-2815 1434

044-3916 6868

Web Site URL: http://www.PRaaviArchitects.com

 

Peoples Architecture Commonweal

 

Address: 23 (Old No 10), 7th Cross Street West

Shenoy Nagar,Chennai – 600 030

Landline Number(s): 044-2622 3347

044-2626 0797,044-3294 2280

Web Site URL: http://www.Commonweal.in

P T K Architects

Category: Architects

Description: We offer total consultancy services in the field of planning, architecture, structural engineering and all related building utilities including HVAC systems. Project management is also an integral part of our services.

Address: 1, 2nd Street,Wallace Garden

Chennai – 600 006

Landline Number(s): 044-2833 1759

044-2833 2588

Fax Number: 044-2833 1878

Web Site URL: http://www.PTKArch.com

P S P Architects P Ltd

Category: Architects

Description: Pradhaan Sethi Philiip is a Chennai based Architecture and Interior Design firm with experience in Office interiors, Hospitality, Residential, Institutional and Township projects.

Address: Y-83, 4th Street,Anna Nagar

Chennai – 600 040,Landline Number(s): 044-2620 2328,044-6587 7292,Fax Number: 044-4261 1175

Web Site URL: http://www.PSPDesign.in

Padgro Consultants P Ltd

Category: Architects

Description: Architecture, Town Planning, Urban Design, Interior Design, Quantity Surveys, Allied Engineering Services related to Comprehensive Architectural Services, Architectural Due Diligence for Property Transactions & Evaluations.

Address: 12, Lady Madhavan Road

Mahalingapuram,Chennai – 600 034

Landline Number(s): 044-2817 0804

044-2817 4026

Fax Number: 044-2817 2028

Web Site URL: http://www.Padgro.com

Phi-ideas

Category: Architects

Description: Architecture, Interior Design, Planning, Green Building, Graphics & 3D visualisations.

Address: 12, Ramanujam Street

Thiruvalluvar Nagar,Pammal

Chennai – 600 075

Mobile Number: 72990 10131

Web Site URL: http://www.Phi-Ideas.com

Phoenix Architects

Category: Architects

Description: Architectural Design, Residential & Office Buildings, IT & Shopping Malls, Interior Design, Urban Design & Landscape.

Address: 13, A B C Trade Centre

50, Mount Road

Chennai – 600 002

Landline Number(s): 044-3048 4815

Web Site URL: http://www.PhoenixArchitects.co.in

 

Pithavadian & Partners

Category: Architects

Description: We are a firm of Architects, Planners and Engineers with offices in Chennai, Bengaluru, Kochi and Hyderabad, offering comprehensive services including architecture, interiors, planning, engineering and project management for all types of projects.

Address: 33-A, College Road

Nungambakkam

Chennai – 600 006

Landline Number(s): 044-2827 3958

044-2827 3959

Fax Number: 044-2827 1053

Web Site URL: http://www.PAPArchitect.com

Ponni M Concessao Consultants

Category: Architects

Description: Architects, Planners, Interior Designers

Address: 2, Vivekananda Road

Srinivasa Nagar,Chetpet,Chennai – 600 031

Landline Number(s): 044-2836 1962

Fax Number: 044-2836 1962

Web Site URL: http://www.PonniConcessao.com

Pralcka Architects

Category: Architects

Description: We provide Architectural & Interior Design services like Site plan, Space planning, 3D elevation views, 2D floor plans, 3D Isometric views & Walkthroughs.

Address: 50, 1st Main Road

V G P Gokul Nagar,Perumbakkam

Chennai – 600 100,Mobile Number: 95512 21014

Web Site URL: http://www.PralckaArchitects.com

 

 

awesome Architects in chennai

awesome Architects in chennai

O C I Architects

Category: Architects

Address: 2, Vivekananda Road,Off Spurtank Road

Srinivasa Nagar,Chetpet

Chennai – 600 031,Number(s): 044-2836 1962

Fax Number: 044-2836 1962

Web Site URL: http://www.OCIArchitects.com

Off Centered

Address: Flat H, Gilli Flower Apartment

46/6, L Block, 23rd Street,Anna Nagar East

Chennai – 600 102

Landline Number(s): 044-4266 0600

Web Site URL: http://www.OffCentered.in

 

good Architects in chennai

good Architects in chennai

Nanda Green Associates

Category: Architects,Description: Master Planning

Architecture,Interior Design,Plumbing & Air-Conditioning

Address: MIG-980, TNHB Colony Main Road

Erikarai,Velachery,Chennai – 600 042

Landline Number(s): 044-4271 6159

Web Site URL: http://www.NGreenArchitects.com

 

N J Architects & Designers

 

Urban design,Development

Script,Branding,Interior,3D Images

Mobile Number: 97892 71967

Web Site URL: http://www.NJ-Architects.com

Nataraj & Venkat Architects

Category: Architects,Address: 18, 3rd Seaward Road,Valmiki Nagar,Thiruvanmiyur

Chennai – 600 041

Landline Number(s): 044-2457 2457

Web Site URL: http://www.NVA.in

 

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creative/inovative Architects in chennai

M T A Designs

Address: 24/41, Vembuli Subedar Street,Alandur

Chennai – 600 016,Number(s): 044-2234 2848

Web Site URL: http://www.MTADesigns.com

Maha Constructions

 

Address: 11-A, Jawahar Road

Ramana Nagar,Perambur,Chennai – 600 011

(Near Railway Station)

Landline Number(s): 044-2559 1505

044-2558 5990,Mobile Number: 94442 17624

Mancini Enterprises P Ltd

 

Address: 17, Crescent Avenue

Kesavaperumalpuram,R A Puram

Chennai – 600 028, Number(s): 044-2461 4000

Fax Number: 044-2461 7047

Web Site URL: http://www.Mancini-Design.in

Matrix

Category: Architects

Locality: Alwarpet, Number(s): 044-2435 8261

 

 

Mayo Properties

Description: We are a growing Architectural, Project Development & Construction Firm based out of Chennai. We have successfully completed many varied projects ranging from Commercial, Residential, and Institutional.

Address: 3/63, Old Mahabalipuram Road

Karapakkam,Chennai – 600 096

Landline Number(s): 044-2450 2106

Mobile Number: 97103 70690

Web Site URL: http://www.MayoProperties.in

 

M-Cube Design Studio

Category: Architects

Description: Architects & Interior Designers

Address: 21, Ramanathan Street,Kilpauk

Chennai – 600 010,Number(s): 044-2644 8102

044-2660 0283,Fax Number: 044-2644 2872

Web Site URL: http://www.M-Cube.co.in

Murali Architects

Category: Architects

Description: An excellent team of Architects, Interior Designers, Civil engineers have created innovative and inspiring residential, commercial, institutional and hospital projects.

Address: 142, 2nd Street,Kamaraj Avenue

Adyar,Chennai – 600 020

Landline Number(s): 044-2491 4226

044-2441 3230,044-2490 1910

Web Site URL: http://www.MuraliArchitects.com

Modarchs Consultants (India) P Ltd

 

Address: 3, Bishop Wallers Avenue

Mylapore,Chennai – 600 004

Landline Number(s): 044-2467 0609

Web Site URL: http://www.Modarchs.in

Modarchs Consultants (India) P Ltd

 

Address: 3, Bishop Wallers Avenue

Mylapore,Chennai – 600 004

Landline Number(s): 044-2467 0609

Web Site URL: http://www.Modarchs.in

 

0 Mind Blow Design Studio

 

Address: 26/16, Arunothaya Apartments

Ponamallee High Road,Periamet

Chennai – 600 003,(Near Ripon Building)

Mobile Number: 99943 10507

Web Site URL: http://www.MindBlowDesignStudio.com

 

unique Architects in chennai

K K R Architects

Category: Architects

Description: Architectural Design

Interior Design

Address: 14/15, Mayor Sivaraj Street

Royapettah

Chennai – 600 014

Landline Number(s): 044-2813 1121

Web Site URL: http://www.KKRArchitects.in

Make an Online Enquiry

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0

K S M Architecture

Category: Architects

Description: KSM was formed in the year 1990 with a team of highly professional and experienced architects and engineers with exposure to international standards of design and detailing.

Address: 11/53-D, 1st Street

Sripuram Colony

St. Thomas Mount

Chennai – 600 016

Landline Number(s): 044-2233 3587

Web Site URL: http://www.KSMIndia.com

 

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K S Ranganath Architecture

Category: Architects

Description: Projects include Software Parks, Residential Townships, Institutional Buildings, Resorts & Hotels and Corporate Offices.

Address: 27, Chockalinga Nagar

Chennai – 600 086

Landline Number(s): 044-2433 7260

Fax Number: 044-2432 1250

Web Site URL: http://www.KSRanganath.com

K Square Design Architecture & Interiors

Category: Architects

Description: Architectural Design

Interiors Design

Elevation Design

Lighting Design

Home Automation

Turnkey Interiors

Address: 67, 1st Main Road

Gandhi Nagar

Adyar

Chennai – 600 020

Mobile Number: 96770 99960

Web Site URL: http://www.KSquareArchitects.com

Make an Online Enquiry

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Kalai Vrikshya Architects

Category: Architects

Description: An Architectural Design and Build consortium providing comprehensive design solutions creating landmark building which stand up and testify as Hallmarks of Excellence.

Address: AA-151, 3rd Avenue

Anna Nagar

Chennai – 600 040

Landline Number(s): 044-2626 9997

044-4508 2450

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Kharche & Associates

Category: Architects

Description: Comprehensive architectural design services for all commercial and residential projects, software parks and Bio-technology parks.

Address: 20, Shaffee Mohammed Road

Chennai – 600 006

(Near Income Tax Office)

Landline Number(s): 044-2829 1291

044-2829 3874

044-2829 7261

Fax Number: 044-2829 0651

Social Media: Follow in Twitter

Web Site URL: http://www.Kharche.com

Make an Online Enquiry

Web Site URL: http://www.KVArchitects.in

Make an Online Enquiry

1

Kingsway Consultants

Category: Architects

Description: Architectural & Structural Design Services, Consultation on Property Development, Project Consultancy & Management, Structural Design Consultancy for all buildings & structures, Interior Designs, Valuation, Rehabilitation & Repair of existing buildings.

Address: 13 (Old No 6), Casa Major Road

Egmore

Chennai – 600 008

Landline Number(s): 044-2819 3832

044-2819 3049

044-2819 4349

Fax Number: 044-2819 3360

Web Site URL: http://www.KingswayConsultants.in

Make an Online Enquiry

some cost effective Architects in chennai

K K R Architects

Category: Architects
Description: Architectural Design
Interior Design
Address: 14/15, Mayor Sivaraj Street
Royapettah
Chennai – 600 014
Landline Number(s): 044-2813 1121
Web Site URL: http://www.KKRArchitects.in
  Make an Online Enquiry
realtyBIZZ.com: To Buy GENUINE & VERIFIED Properties
K S M Architecture
Category: Architects
Description: KSM was formed in the year 1990 with a team of highly professional and experienced architects and engineers with exposure to international standards of design and detailing.
Address: 11/53-D, 1st Street
Sripuram Colony
St. Thomas Mount
Chennai – 600 016
Landline Number(s): 044-2233 3587
realtyBIZZ.com: To Buy GENUINE & VERIFIED Properties
K S Ranganath Architecture
Category: Architects
Description: Projects include Software Parks, Residential Townships, Institutional Buildings, Resorts & Hotels and Corporate Offices.
Address: 27, Chockalinga Nagar
Chennai – 600 086
Landline Number(s): 044-2433 7260
Fax Number: 044-2432 1250
Web Site URL: http://www.KSRanganath.com
  Make an Online Enquiry
realtyBIZZ.com: To Buy GENUINE & VERIFIED Properties
K Square Design Architecture & Interiors
Category: Architects
Description: Architectural Design
Interiors Design
Kalai Vrikshya Architects
Category: Architects
Description: An Architectural Design and Build consortium providing comprehensive design solutions creating landmark building which stand up and testify as Hallmarks of Excellence.
Address: AA-151, 3rd Avenue
Anna Nagar
Chennai – 600 040
Landline Number(s): 044-2626 9997
044-4508 2450
Web Site URL: http://www.KVArchitects.in
  Make an Online Enquiry
Elevation Design
Lighting Design
Home Automation
Turnkey Interiors
Address: 67, 1st Main Road
Gandhi Nagar
Adyar
Chennai – 600 020
Mobile Number: 96770 99960
Web Site URL: http://www.KSquareArchitects.com
  Make an Online Enquiry
Kharche & Associates
Category: Architects
Description: Comprehensive architectural design services for all commercial and residential projects, software parks and Bio-technology parks.
Address: 20, Shaffee Mohammed Road
Chennai – 600 006
(Near Income Tax Office)
Landline Number(s): 044-2829 1291
044-2829 3874
044-2829 7261
Fax Number: 044-2829 0651
Social Media: Follow in Twitter
Web Site URL: http://www.Kharche.com
  Make an Online Enquiry
Kingsway Consultants
Category: Architects
Description: Architectural & Structural Design Services, Consultation on Property Development, Project Consultancy & Management, Structural Design Consultancy for all buildings & structures, Interior Designs, Valuation, Rehabilitation & Repair of existing buildings.
Address: 13 (Old No 6), Casa Major Road
Egmore
Chennai – 600 008
Landline Number(s): 044-2819 3832
044-2819 3049
044-2819 4349
Fax Number: 044-2819 3360
Web Site URL: http://www.KingswayConsultants.in
  Make an Online Enquiry

cost effective Architects in chennai

iKix 3D Prints P Ltd

Category: Architects
Description: iKix has been creating Architectural Models for over decades, including commercial establishments, global projects, mechanical & engineering industry, residence & apartments, villas & layouts. (Model Making Company in Chennai)
Address: 5, Sir PS Sivaswami Salai
Mylapore
Chennai – 600 004
Landline Number(s): 044-6555 5255
Mobile Number: 89398 32446
Social Media: Like in Facebook
Web Site URL: http://www.iKix.in
  Make an Online Enquiry
Invent Architects
Category: Architects
Description: INVA is a new generation design and consultancy firm, headed by young and talented professionals, providing consultancy in architecture, planning, interior design and landscape services.
Address: 16/37, 5th Main Road
Kasturibai Nagar
Adyar
Chennai – 600 020
Landline Number(s): 044-4205 4664
Web Site URL: http://www.InventArchitects.com
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J & S Architects
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture, Interior Design, Project Management, Structural Engineering, MEP Services, PHE Services, Landscaping.
Address: 24-FF, Shivaji Street
T Nagar
Chennai – 600 017
Landline Number(s): 044-2433 5959
Fax Number: 044-2435 6000
Web Site URL: http://www.JAndSArchitects.com
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J Manoharan & Associates
Category: Architects
Locality: Ashok Nagar
Landline Number(s): 044-2485 4737
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iKix 3D Prints P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: iKix has been creating Architectural Models for over decades, including commercial establishments, global projects, mechanical & engineering industry, residence & apartments, villas & layouts. (Model Making Company in Chennai)
Address: 5, Sir PS Sivaswami Salai
Mylapore
Chennai – 600 004
Landline Number(s): 044-6555 5255
Mobile Number: 89398 32446
Social Media: Like in Facebook
Web Site URL: http://www.iKix.in
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Invent Architects
Category: Architects
Description: INVA is a new generation design and consultancy firm, headed by young and talented professionals, providing consultancy in architecture, planning, interior design and landscape services.
Address: 16/37, 5th Main Road
Kasturibai Nagar
Adyar
Chennai – 600 020
Landline Number(s): 044-4205 4664
Web Site URL: http://www.InventArchitects.com
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J & S Architects
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture, Interior Design, Project Management, Structural Engineering, MEP Services, PHE Services, Landscaping.
Address: 24-FF, Shivaji Street
T Nagar
Chennai – 600 017
Landline Number(s): 044-2433 5959
Fax Number: 044-2435 6000
Web Site URL: http://www.JAndSArchitects.com
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J Manoharan & Associates
Category: Architects
Locality: Ashok Nagar
Landline Number(s): 044-2485 4737
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Morden Designing Architects in chennai

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F V Architects
Category: Architects
Description: Construction Services, Commercial Construction Services, Residential Construction Services, Shopping Mall Construction Services, Flooring Solutions, Waterproofing Treatment, Corporate Interiors Service, Conference Rooms / Board Rooms Interiors Designing.
Address: 44, Anna Nagar Plaza
C-47, 2nd Avenue
Anna Nagar
Chennai – 600 040
Landline Number(s): 044-4269 3338
Fax Number: 044-4269 3338
Web Site URL: http://www.FVArchitects.com
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Eskay Design
Category: Architects
Description: Architects and Interior Design Consultant
Address: 6/25, Cenotaph Road
Teynampet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-2436 2396
044-2436 2397
044-2435 7906
Fax Number: 044-2432 1420
Web Site URL: http://www.EskayDesign.com
 F S O Designs P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture / Interiors
Address: “Mantralayam”
550/7, P H Road
Arumbakkam
Chennai – 600 106
Landline Number(s): 044-2626 1880
Web Site URL: http://www.FSODesigns.com
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Formative Projects (India) P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: Architects, Engineers and Interior Designers
Address: 8/6, 2nd Main Road
Seethammal Colony
Alwarpet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-4500 0720
044-4554 4134
Web Site URL: http://www.FormativeGroups.com
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Forum Architects P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: Campus Planning, Architectural Design, Interior Design, Landscape Design, Engineering Services.
Address: 15, 3rd Main Road
Kottur Gardens
Kottupuram
Chennai – 600 085
Landline Number(s): 044-4306 6669
044-4218 8801
Fax Number: 044-4218 8801
Web Site URL: http://www.ForumArchitects.in
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Fourth Axis Architects
Category: Architects
Address: 4-B, Level Three
9, Murrays Gate Road
Alwarpet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-4202 9666
Web Site URL: http://www.FAArchitectz.com
Formative Projects (India) P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: Architects, Engineers and Interior Designers
Address: 8/6, 2nd Main Road
Seethammal Colony
Alwarpet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-4500 0720
044-4554 4134
Web Site URL: http://www.FormativeGroups.com
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some Innovative Architects in chennai

 some Innovative Architects in chennai

E G B Builders & Architects P Ltd
Category: Architects
Address: 25/12, Vaikkakaran Street
Purasawalkam
Chennai – 600 007
Landline Number(s): 044-2665 1806
Web Site URL: http://www.EGBBuilders.com
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Eskay Design
Category: Architects
Description: Architects and Interior Design Consultant
Address: 6/25, Cenotaph Road
Teynampet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-2436 2396
044-2436 2397
044-2435 7906
Fax Number: 044-2432 1420
Web Site URL: http://www.EskayDesign.com

Creative Designing Architects in chennai

Decon Architects

Category: Architects
Description: Architectural Design, Interior Design, Project Management, Services Design, Feasibility Study, Master Planning.
Address: 1634, 13th Main Road
Anna Nagar
Chennai – 600 040
Landline Number(s): 044-4263 3064
044-2616 4595
Web Site URL: http://www.Decon.in
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Design Lab
Category: Architects
Description: Vasthu, Architecture, Interior Design
Address: 339 (Old No 249), Anna Salai
Chennai – 600 006
Landline Number(s): 044-2435 9849
044-2435 9231
Fax Number: 044-2432 2496
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignLabIndia.com
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Design Quest Architects
Category: Architects
Description: We provide Consultancy Services in Architecture, Interior Design, and Master Planning. We design a wide range of residential buildings – Villas, Individual residences, Row houses, Flats, Group developments, Gated communities – and Commercial Buildings.
Address: 14, South Avenue
Srinagar Colony
Little Mount
Saidapet
Chennai – 600 015
(Behind Saidapet Court)
Landline Number(s): 044-4505 4219
Mobile Number: 98844 74137
Social Media: Like in Facebook
Web Site URL: http://www.DQArchitects.in
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Design Squares
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture Consulting Services for apartments, high rise buildings, industrial parks, commercial complexes, Shopping malls, Educational institutes, High end residences, beach houses, Resorts, Hotels, Townships and development of the same.
Address: 21/16, Cenotaph Road
1st Street
Teynampet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-4208 8595
Fax Number: 044-2432 6335
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignSquares.in
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Design Works
Category: Architects
Description: Architects, Interior Designers, Planners
Address: 25, 6th Main Road
R A Puram
Chennai – 600 028
Landline Number(s): 044-4230 3731
044-4230 3732
044-4230 3733
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignWorks.in
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DesignQube Architects & Interior Designers
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture, Interiors, Master Planning
Address: 2/1, Nanjundarao Colony
Mylapore
Chennai – 600 004
Landline Number(s): 044-4308 3399
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignQubeArchitects.com
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Design Squares
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture Consulting Services for apartments, high rise buildings, industrial parks, commercial complexes, Shopping malls, Educational institutes, High end residences, beach houses, Resorts, Hotels, Townships and development of the same.
Address: 21/16, Cenotaph Road
1st Street
Teynampet
Chennai – 600 018
Design Works
Category: Architects
Description: Architects, Interior Designers, Planners
Address: 25, 6th Main Road
R A Puram
Chennai – 600 028
Landline Number(s): 044-4230 3731
044-4230 3732
044-4230 3733
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignWorks.in
Landline Number(s): 044-4208 8595
Fax Number: 044-2432 6335
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignSquares.in
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1
DesignQube Architects & Interior Designers
Category: Architects
Description: Architecture, Interiors, Master Planning
Address: 2/1, Nanjundarao Colony
Mylapore
Chennai – 600 004
Landline Number(s): 044-4308 3399
Web Site URL: http://www.DesignQubeArchitects.com
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Dhanush Consultants
Dhrishticone
Category: Architects
Description: Dhrishticone is a group of designers and visualisers offering multiple services largely to the architecture and real-estate industry. (Architectural Illustrations)
Address: 32, 1st Cross Street
Kasturibai Nagar
Adyar
Chennai – 600 020
Landline Number(s): 044-4211 7004
Web Site URL: http://www.Dhrishticone.com
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Category: Architects
Description: Architectural Services: Preparation of Schematic Drawings / Master Plan, Submission of Drawings for approval, Preparation of Working Drawings, Structural Engineering Services, Structural Analysis and Design, Preparation of Structural Design Drawings.
Address: 3 & 4, Mahe Tower
School Road
Venkat Nagar
Kolathur
Chennai – 600 099
Landline Number(s): 044-2556 8456
Web Site URL: http://www.DhanushConsultants.com
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2
D-Sign K Studio
Category: Architects
Description: We perform architectural works on Residential Projects & Commercial Interiors. We do projects in both contemporary and traditional ones which suites the clients needs. We bring out the clients dream in to reality in the form of built one.
Address: 155, 6th Main Road
Venkatraman Nagar
Chromepet
Chennai – 600 044
(Near Hasthinapuram Bus Terminus)
Landline Number(s): 044-2223 3765
Mobile Number: 91766 73765
Social Media: Like in Facebook / Follow in Twitter
Web Site URL: http://www.D-SignKStudio.com
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Dupro Consultants P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: Design Build, Architectural Services, Master Planning, Interior Design, Project Management, M & E (Mechanical & Electrical), HVAC, Service Consultant, LEED Certification, Carbon Credit, Energy Audit, Data Centre Design, Seismic Design.
Address: 57/26, Eldams Road
Teynampet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-2433 1255
044-2433 1256
Web Site URL: http://www.DuproConsultants.com
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Some effective Architects in chennai

C D G Architects

Address: L-2167, 1st Street
12th Main Road
Anna Nagar
Chennai – 600 040
Landline Number(s): 044-2621 2299
Fax Number: 044-2621 2299
Web Site URL: http://www.CDGA.in
C R Narayana Rao
Category: Architects
Description: Planning, Architectural Design, Engineering and Building Services Design, Interior Design and Construction Management.
Address: 10, Karpagambal Nagar
Mylapore
Chennai – 600 004
Landline Number(s): 044-2499 1676
Fax Number: 044-2499 1318
Web Site URL: http://www.CRN.co.in
C S Designs P Ltd
Category: Architects
Description: Offering consultancy in architecture and interior design, the firm has a wide and diverse portfolio spread over a period of 15 years.
Address: 10/1, Subbarayar Avenue
Off Sir C P Ramaswamy Road
Alwarpet
Chennai – 600 018
Landline Number(s): 044-2499 0154
044-2499 0498
Fax Number: 044-2499 1705
Web Site URL: http://www.CSDesigns.co.in
C Subba Rao Associates
Category: Architects
Description: We offer architectural planning, design and supervisory services. We have designed over 10 Million sq. ft. Having been in profession for more than two decades, we have executed residential, commercial and institutional projects.
Address: Kences Enclave, Block 2
1, Ramakrishna Street
T Nagar
Chennai – 600 017
Landline Number(s): 044-2814 2725
Web Site URL: http://www.SubbaraoAssociates.com
Celerity Architects & Interior Designers
Category: Architects
Description: Established in 2002 the humble starting has now catapulted into a team of talented professionals who have been individually appreciated in their areas of expertise. The team also includes professionals in electrical and networking, HVAC, etc.
Address: 7, Ayyavoo Naidu Colony
Aminjikarai
Chennai – 600 029
Landline Number(s): 044-6536 1760
044-4306 3957
Mobile Number: 98843 99316
Fax Number: 044-4306 3957
Web Site URL: http://www.Celerity.co.in
Chennai Architects
Category: Architects
Description: Architects, Interior designers, Turnkey Construction projects
Address: 9, Rajaji Nagar
Villivakkam
Chennai – 600 049
Mobile Number: 97400 68886
Fax Number: 044-2543 5423
Web Site URL: http://www.Chennai-Architects.com
Cheralathan Associates 
Address: 13, Shanti Enclave
25, Venkatakrishna Road
R A Puram
Chennai – 600 028
Landline Number(s): 044-2495 7991
044-2495 7993
Fax Number: 044-2461 6398
Web Site URL: http://www.CArch.in
Chitale & Son
Category: Architects
Address: “Dhun Building”
827, Anna Salai
Chennai – 600 002
Landline Number(s): 044-2852 0515
044-2852 0943
Circus Architects
Address: 104, Prasad Street
Dr. Seethapathy Nagar
Velachery
Chennai – 600 042
Landline Number(s): 044-4321 3191
Web Site URL: http://www.CircusArchitects.com
Clover Design Studio 
Address: 340, 1st South Main Road
Kapaleeswarar Nagar
Neelankarai
Chennai – 600 115
Landline Number(s): 044-7170 7170
Web Site URL: http://www.CloverDesignStudio.com
Concept Infinitum 2000
Category: Architects
Locality: R A Puram
Landline Number(s): 044-2493 7452
Fax Number: 044-2493 7452
Web Site URL: http://www.CI2000.com
Creative Architects & Interiors
Category: Architects
Description: We offer an integrated proposal covering civil, structural, public health, fire / safety protections, electrical, air-conditioning, landscape building automation and more.
Address: 1090, Poonamalle High Road
Chennai – 600 084
Landline Number(s): 044-2661 2056
Fax Number: 044-2661 3005
Web Site URL: http://www.Creative-Arch.com
Creative Design Engineering Studios
Category: Architects
Description: CDES is an out of the box Engineering Design solution that produces accurate designs digitally. The team consists of the industry’s most talented designers who have experience in using various Software tools for this purpose
Address: 633/1, P H Road
Aminjikarai
Chennai – 600 029
(Near Ampa Sky Walk)
Landline Number(s): 044-4333 1000
Mobile Number: 83000 30000
Web Site URL: http://www.CDES.in

Effective Architects in chennai

Effective Architects in chennai
B L D Design Studio 
Description: A full-fledged architectural design firm that seamlessly combined landscape, architecture and interiors to create spaces both aesthetically pleasing and functionally sound.
Address: 77/2, 1st Main Road
Besant Nagar
Chennai – 600 090
Landline Number(s): 044-2446 1980
044-2446 1990
Web Site URL: http://www.BLD.co.in
Babu & Associates
Description: Industrial / Commercial Construction, Project Management Consultancy, Architecture, Interior Design.
Address: 6 (Old No 28), 5th Cross Street
Lake Area
Nungambakkam
Chennai – 600 034
Landline Number(s): 044-2817 3939
044-2817 3666
Web Site URL: http://www.BabuAssociates.com
Benny Kuriakose
Category: Architects
Address: Flat F, Springwood Apartments
6, Ranjith Road
Kotturpuram
Chennai – 600 085
Landline Number(s): 044-2447 1172
044-2447 4794
Web Site URL: http://www.Benny.in
Bhargav Associates Designs P Ltd
Address: 34, 80 Feet Road
Sathya Gardens
Saligramam
Chennai – 600 093
Landline Number(s): 044-2364 0081
044-2364 0089
Web Site URL: http://www.BhargavAssociates.com
Bina J 
Address: 4, Subash Street
Rajaji Nagar
Villivakkam
Chennai – 600 049
Landline Number(s): 044-4282 0034
Web Site URL: http://www.ArchiHomes.com
Bodhi Kruthak Architects 
Address: “Vidyaranya”
8/1, 2nd Main Road
Kasturibai Nagar
Adyar
Chennai – 600 020
Landline Number(s): 044-2441 1305
044-2441 2764
Web Site URL: http://www.BodhiKruthak.com

What are Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises ?

What are Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises ?

Definitions of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises In accordance with the provision of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) are classified in two Classes:

1. Manufacturing Enterprises-he enterprises engaged in the manufacture or production of goods pertaining to any industry specified in the first schedule to the industries (Development and regulation) Act, 1951) or employing plant and machinery in the process of value addition to the final product having a distinct name or character or use. The Manufacturing Enterprise are defined in terms of investment in Plant & Machinery.

2. Service Enterprises:-The enterprises engaged in providing or rendering of services and are defined in terms of investment in equipment..

The limit for investment in plant and machinery / equipment for manufacturing / service enterprises, as notified,vide S.O. 1642(E) dtd.29-09-2006 are as under

Manufacturing Sector

Enterprises Investment in plant & machinery

Micro Enterprises Does not exceed twenty five lakh rupees

Small Enterprises More than twenty five lakh rupees but does not exceed five crore rupees

Medium Enterprises More than five crore rupees but does not exceed ten crore rupees

Service Sector

Enterprises Investment in equipments

Micro Enterprises Does not exceed ten lakh rupees:

Small Enterprises More than ten lakh rupees but does not exceed two crore rupees

Medium Enterprises More than two crore rupees but does not exceed five core rupees

கம்பு வடை

கம்பு வடை

கம்பு மாவு – அரை கிலோ

கோதுமை மாவு – 2 மேசைக்கரண்டி

தயிர் – 4 மேசைக்கரண்டி

எண்ணெய் – தேவைக்கேற்ப

பச்சை மிளகாய் – 2 (அரைத்துக் கொள்ளவும்)

இஞ்சி – சிறிய துண்டு

எள்ளு – 2 தேக்கரண்டி

மஞ்சள் தூள் – கால் தேக்கரண்டி

மிளகாய்த் தூள் – கால் தேக்கரண்டி

பெருங்காயம் – ஒரு சிட்டிகை

உப்பு – தேவையான அளவு

ஒரு பாத்திரத்தில் கம்பு மாவுடன் கோதுமை மாவைச் சேர்த்து 2 மேசைக்கரண்டி எண்ணெய் சேர்த்து நன்கு கலந்து கொள்ளவும்.

கலந்த மாவுடன் அரைத்த பச்சை மிளகாய், இஞ்சி, தயிர், எள், மஞ்சள் தூள், மிளகாய்த் தூள், பெருங்காயம் மற்றும் உப்பு சேர்க்கவும்.

அதனுடன் சிறிதளவு தண்ணீர் ஊற்றி நன்றாகப் பிசைந்து 2 மணி நேரம் ஊற வைக்கவும்.

பிசைந்த மாவை எலுமிச்சை அளவு உருண்டைகளாக உருட்டி, மெல்லிய வடை போல் தட்டிக் கொள்ளவும். வாணலியில் எண்ணெய் ஊற்றி சூடானதும், அதில் தட்டி வைத்திருக்கும் வடைகளைப் போட்டு பொன்னிறமாகப் பொரித்து எடுக்கவும்.

‍‍சுவையான கம்பு வடை தயார். சட்னியுடன் பரிமாறவும்.

Chennai pincodes/postal codes

Adambakkam                                600088

Adyar                                                 600020

Alwarthirunagar                           600087
Ambattur H O                                600053
Ambattur Industrial Estate     600058
Aminjikarai                                       600029
Anakaputhur                                   600070
Anna Nagar                                      600040
Anna Nagar East                            600102
Anna Nagar West Extn                600101
Anna Salai H O                                  600002
Arumbakkam                                     600106
Ashok Nagar                                     600083
Avadi Camp H O                         600054
Avadi I A F                                   600055
Ayanavaram                        600023
Ayyappanagar                            600111
Besant Nagar                              600090
Broadway                           600108
C R P Camp Avadi                         600065
Chennai G P O                               600001
Chetpet H O                           600031
Chitlapakkam                         600064
Choolai                             600112
Choolaimedu                               600094
Chromepet                                        600044
Egmore                                   600008
Ekattuthangal                              600097
Engineering College                    600025
Ennore Thermal Station                        600057
Ethiraj Salai                              600105
Flowers Road                     600084
Fort St. George                                   600009
Gopalapuram                                600086
Greams Road                              600006
Guindy                                    600032
High Court                              600104
I C F Colony                                           600038
I I T                                600036
Jawahar Nagar                            600082
K K Nagar                                       600078
Kamaraj Nagar                              600071
Kilpauk                                                600010
Kodambakkam                                              600024
Kodungaiyur                              600118
Kolathur                          600099
Korattur                        600080
Korattur R S                      600076
Kotturpuram                           600085
Koyambedu                          600107
Kundrathur                         600069
Madhavaram                                600060
Madhavaram Milk Colony                                      600051
Madipakkam                                  600091
Manali                                 600068
Manali New Town                                  600103
Mangadu                              600122
Meenambakkam                           600027
Mylapore                              600004
Nandambakkam                                600089
Nandanam                                  600035
Nanganallur                             600061
Nazarethpettai                            600123
North Chennai Thermal PP                             600120
Nungambakkam                           600034
Officers Training Academy                      600037
Old Pallavaram                              600117
Padi                                   600050
Pallavaram                                       600043
Pammal                                      600075
Park Town                                             600003
Pattabiram                                                  600072
Pazhavanthangal                                             600114
Perambur                                                  600011
Perambur Barracks                                     600012
Perungudi                                 600096
Polichalur                              600074
Ponniamman Medu                       600110
Poonamallee                        600056
Porur                         600116
Puzhal                     600066
R A Puram                     600028
Railway Car Shed Complex, Avadi                            600109
Raj Bhavan                               600022
Red Hills                     600052
Royapettah                             600014
Royapuram                   600013
Saidapet                       600015
Saligramam                    600093
Sathyamurthi Nagar                                   600062
Selaiyur                                       600073
Sheynoynagar                      600030
Sholavaram                 600067
Sholinganallur                                   600119
SIDCO Estate                         600098
Sowcarpet                                       600079
Srinivasa Nagar                                  600063
St. Thomas Mount H O                          600016
T Nagar H O                                              600017
Tambaram East                                     600059
Tambaram H O                                      600045
Tambaram Sanatorium                           600047
Tambarm IA F                                         600046
Taramani                                                  600113
Teynampet                                             600018
Thirumazhisai                                        600124
Thirusoolam Village                            600100
Thiruvanmiyur                                      600041
Thiruverkadu                                      600077
Tiruvottiyur                                             600019
Tondiarpet                                             600081
Triplicane                                               600005
Vadapalani                                              600026
Vandalur                                                  600048
Velachery                                                600042
Vepery                                                       600007
Villivakkam                                              600049
Virugambakkam                                  600092
Vyasarpadi                                             600039
Washermanpet                                     600021
West Mambalam                                 600033
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Animation company in chennai Virugambakkam

Make an Online Enquiry

category: Computers/IT – Animation/Gaming
Description: Digital Intermediate, Film Scanning, Digital Film Recording (Reverse Telecine), Online editing, 3D Animation, Visual Effects, Non-Linear editing, Digital Cinema Solutions, Digibeta camera rental, Chromakey Shooting floor, Interformat Transfers.
Address: 15, Muthuramalingam Street
Virugambakkam
Chennai – 600 092
Landline Number(s): 044-2376 7207
044-2376 7307
044-2376 0056

Animation company in Kovilambakkam chennai

ategory: Computers/IT – Animation/Gaming
Description: Pre-Production, Production, Post-Production
Address: 2/369, Medavakkam Main Road
Kovilambakkam
Chennai – 600 117
Landline Number(s): 044-4281 2301
044-4281 2302