Leading MSME Directory in India
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of a nation’s economy. Like any other major economy, India too enjoys its fair share of SMEs which constitute bulk of the industrial base, also contributing significantly to the exports and
SME segment has been a key engine of growth, employment, wealth distribution and effective mobilization of resources (both capital and skills) in India. Statistically, SME segment contributes to 45% of the manufactured output, 40% of exports, and is among the largest generator of employment in the Indian economy. Today, Indian SMEs operate in sectors ranging from traditional to the most modern industries competing with the bests-of-the-world. SMEs in new economy sectors like IT, ITES, retailing, education, entertainment, media and the like represent the new and modern face of India. SMEs take a prominent role in social sectors as well and are known for bringing innovative business models.
With the advent of planned economy in 1951, special role was earmarked for SMEs, which was given a fillip by the subsequent progressive industrial policies. The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 provided for facilitating the promotion and development and enhancing the competitiveness of MSMEs (commonly referred to as SMEs) and for the related matters. A big leap for SMEs was witnessed in 2010, with “The Prime Minister’s Task Force” recommending setting up of dedicated stock exchange/ platform for SMEs. SEBI, through its circular dated May 18, 2010, laid down framework for setting up a stock exchange/ trading platform dedicated to SMEs.
An SME Exchange is a stock exchange dedicated for trading the shares / securities of SMEs who otherwise find it difficult to get listed on the Main Board. The concept originated from the difficulties faced by SMEs in gaining visibility and attracting sufficient trading volumes when listed along with other stocks on the Main Board of stock exchanges. World over, dedicated SME trading platforms or exchanges are prevalent, which are known by different names such as ‘Alternate Investment markets’ or ‘growth enterprises market’, ‘SME Board’ etc. Some of the known markets for SMEs are AIM (Alternate Investment Market) in UK, TSX Ventures in Canada, GEM (Growth Enterprise Market) in Hong Kong, MOTHERS (Market of the high-growth and emerging stocks) in Japan, Catalist in Singapore and the latest initiative in China – Chinext. As a matter of fact, NASDAQ also started as an SME exchange.
In India, “SME Exchange” is defined in Chapter XB of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue Of Capital And Disclosure Requirements) Regulations as a trading platform of a recognized stock exchange or a dedicated exchange permitted by SEBI to list the securities issued in accordance with Chapter XA of SEBI (ICDR) Regulations and this excludes the Main Board (which is in turn is defined as a recognized stock exchange having nationwide trading terminals, other than SME exchange).
To be listed on the SME Exchange, the post-issue paid up capital of the company should not exceed INR 25 Crore. This means that the SME Exchange is not limited to the Small and Medium Scale enterprises which are defined under “The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006” as enterprises where the investment in plant and machinery does not exceed INR 10 Crore. As of now, to get listed on the Main Board of National Stock Exchange (NSE), the minimum paid up capital required is INR 10 Crore and that of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is INR 3 Crore. Hence, those companies with paid up capital between INR 10 Crore to INR 25 Crore has the option of migrating from SME Exchange to the Main Board or vice versa. The companies listed on the SME exchange are allowed to migrate to the Main Board as and when they meet the listing requirements of the Main Board and there shall be compulsory migration of SMEs from the SME exchange, in case their post issue paid up capital exceeds INR 25 Crore.
BSE, as an Exchange, is the first-one to seize the initiative followed by NSE, both of them have come up with their SME Exchanges to leverage their respective trading platforms developed over the period.
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